Volume 7, Issue 4 (December 2020)                   J Educ Community Health 2020, 7(4): 285-291 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.MEDILAM.REC.1398.064

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Zeinivanmoghadam L, Jalilian M, Mirzaei A. Predictors of Fruits and Vegetable Consumption in Adolescent Girls Based on Social Cognitive Theory. J Educ Community Health. 2020; 7 (4) :285-291
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1060-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Illam University of Medical Sciences, Illam, Iran.
2- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Illam University of Medical Sciences, Illam, Iran. , mirzaei.amin62@gmail.com
Abstract:   (502 Views)
Aims: Adequate intake of fruits and vegetables has many positive effects on adolescent health. However, many adolescences do not intake the recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables. This study aimed to determine the predictors of fruit and vegetable intake in first-grade high school female students in Ilam city using Social Cognitive Theory (SCT).
Instrument & Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted with the participation of 332 high school female students in Ilam in 2018. The samples were selected from 5 public schools by multistage random sampling. Data were collected using a 42-item researcher-made questionnaire based on Social Cognitive Theory. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the qualitative method and its reliability was calculated by Cronbachchr('39')s alpha. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and multiple linear regression by SPSS 19 software.
Findings: The mean age of the subjects was 13.72±0.97 years with a range of 12 to 16 years. Studentschr('39') fathers were often (45.2%) employees and their mothers were often (78%) housewives. Most fathers had a university degree (52.1%) and mothers had a diploma (36.4%). Overall, social cognitive structures predicted 20.9% of behavior variance. However, only self-regulation predicted behavior significantly (p=0.001), and other structures did not predict behavior significantly.
Conclusion: The Social Cognitive Theory can be used as a suitable theoretical framework for predicting adolescent behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable intake.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 472 kb]   (130 Downloads)    

Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Nutritional Behaviors
Received: 2020/05/17 | Accepted: 2020/07/6

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