Volume 7, Issue 3 (September 2020)                   J Educ Community Health 2020, 7(3): 221-227 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.UMSHA.REC.1398.1093


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Khazaei S, Bashirian S, Jenabi E, Barati M, Karimi-Shahanjarini A, Moeini B, et al . COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors and its Related Beliefs among Health Workers: The Role of Threat and Coping Appraisals. J Educ Community Health. 2020; 7 (3) :221-227
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1213-en.html
1- Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3- Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4- Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , Barati@umsha.ac.ir
5- Modeling for Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
6- Department of Health Education, Vice Chancellor for Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (666 Views)
Aims: Health workers are at high risk of novel coronavirus (Covid-19) and preventive behaviors play an important role in reducing the incidence and deaths of this infection. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors and its Related Beliefs among Health Workers of Hamadan province using the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM).
Instruments & Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 950 health workers in Hamadan, in 2020 who were selected by multistage random sampling method. The data were collected using a questionnaire including demographic information and EPPM constructs. Data were analyzed in STATA 14 using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation test.
Findings: Behaviors of avoiding contact with others and frequent hand washing with soap and water with 97.8% and 95.3%, respectively, had the highest frequency among health personnel. The condition of EPPM constructs was evaluated at a relatively favorable level. Also, 46.0% of health personnel were involved in the risk perception process.
Conclusion: It is necessary to improve the level of perceived self-efficacy of employees and also to emphasize the effectiveness of the recommended strategies in the prevention of Covid-19 disease.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 421 kb]   (316 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/04/18 | Accepted: 2020/06/20

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