Volume 2, Number 4 (Winter 2016)                   JECH 2016, 2(4): 34-40 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.21859/jech-02045

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Taher M, Abredari H, Karimy M, Rahmati M, Atarod M, Azaepira H. The Assessment of Social Support and Self-Care Requisites for Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Diabetic Foot Patients. JECH. 2016; 2 (4) :34-40
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-140-en.html

1- MSc, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
2- MSc, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran., Saveh , bayatvahid@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
Abstract:   (2150 Views)

Background and Objectives: Diabetic foot as one of the most common complications of diabetes is involved in more than %25 of diabetic patients’ lives, and if not treated properly can lead to amputation up to %20. The lack of self-care is the underlying cause of mortality, morbidity and chronic complications of diabetes. Identification and rectifying of diabetic foot care needs of patients can additionally reduce readmission; also, %85 of diabetic foot problems can be prevented.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 130patients with diabetic foot from Shahid Modarres hospital were selected using census method. Data in forms of demographic questionnaire, self-care requisites assessment tool for preventing diabetic foot ulcer, and Social Support Behavior Scale were completed by patients and then were collected. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16.

Results: In this study, a significant relationship was found between self-care and social support (P<0.05). This means that people with better social support reported better self-care than those with weaker social support. A significant relationship in level of education and monthly income with self-care was seen, as well as in level of education, monthly income and marital status with social support (P<0.001).

Conclusions: The results showed that social support can be considered as an effective factor in individual self-care behaviors, and with regard to this factor in educational, treatment and care programs of patients, can improve their self-care, in addition to decreasing economic costs, and improve their qualities of lives as well.

Full-Text [PDF 206 kb]   (1081 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2015/12/13 | Accepted: 2016/03/16

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