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Dehghani F, Atarnia M, Alavi Langroudi S K. Prediction of Body Image Dissatisfaction Based on Spiritual Intelligence and Social-Cultural Patterns in Women Referred to Yazd Clubs. JECH. 2018; 5
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-366-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Psychology & Educational Sciences Faculty, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran. , dehghanif@hotmail.com
2- MSc, Department of Psychology, Psychology & Educational Sciences Faculty, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology &Educational Sciences Faculty, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (192 Views)
Background and Objectives: Preoccupation with body image is one of the most fundamental concerns for individuals, whose degree of satisfaction is dependent upon many different factors. The purpose of the present study is to predict the body image dissatisfaction based on spiritual intelligence and socio-cultural patterns in the women referring to sports clubs of Yazd city.
Materials and Methods: The present study was descriptive and of correlation type. The investigated statistical community was female citizens of Yazd who participated in sports classes. By means of cluster random sampling, 351 individuals were selected for participation in the study. The research tools included the questionnaires of body image, spiritual intelligence and socio-cultural patterns. Finally, the collected data was analyzed by means of SPSS software, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (including Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis).
Results: The findings of data analysis revealed an inverse correlation between spiritual intelligence and body image dissatisfaction. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between socio-cultural patterns and body image dissatisfaction (P≤0.05). In addition, both spiritual intelligence and socio-cultural patterns predicted body image dissatisfaction, yet spiritual intelligence was a more contributing factor.
Conclusion: Overall, this study indicates that spiritual intelligence and socio-cultural patterns have a significant role in anticipation of body image dissatisfaction. However, the former is a stronger predictor of body image dissatisfaction as compared with the latter. Therefore, a survey of effectiveness of spiritual intelligence training sessions to reduce the body image dissatisfaction is suggested for future research.
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/10/6 | Accepted: 2018/01/7

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