Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   J Educ Community Health 2018, 4(4): 49-55 | Back to browse issues page


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Dehghani F, Atarnia M, Alavi Langroudi S K. Prediction of Body Image Dissatisfaction Based on Spiritual Intelligence and Socio-cultural Patterns in Women Attending Gyms in Yazd. J Educ Community Health. 2018; 4 (4) :49-55
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-366-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Psychology & Educational Sciences Faculty, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran. , dehghanif@hotmail.com
2- MSc, Department of Psychology, Psychology & Educational Sciences Faculty, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology &Educational Sciences Faculty, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (608 Views)
Background and Objective: Body image is a multifactorial concept, which is one of the most fundamental concerns for individuals. We aimed to predict body image dissatisfaction based on spiritual intelligence and socio-cultural patterns in women attending gyms in Yazd, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive correlational study was performed among  female  residents  of  Yazd  who  participated  sports  classes  in  2015. Overall, 351 individuals were selected by using the random cluster sampling method.  The  data  collection  instruments  included  Body  Image  Concern Inventory,  as  well  as  spiritual  intelligence  and  socio-cultural  patterns questionnaires.  To analyze the data, Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis tests were run in SPSS, version 22.
Results: We found a negative correlation between spiritual intelligence and body image dissatisfaction.  Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between socio-cultural patterns and body image dissatisfaction (P≤0.05). In addition, both spiritual intelligence and socio -cultural patterns predicted body image dissatisfaction, yet spiritual intelligence was a stronger contributing factor.
Conclusion:  Results  showed  that  spiritual  intelligence  and  socio-cultural patterns  play  a  significant  role  in  the  anticipation  of  body  image dissatisfaction. However, the former is a stronger predictor of body image dissatisfaction as compared to the latter. Therefore, a survey of effectiveness of spiritual intelligence training sessions to reduce body image dissatisfaction is suggested for future research.
Full-Text [PDF 294 kb]   (90 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2017/10/6 | Accepted: 2018/01/7

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