Volume 4, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017)                   J Educ Community Health 2017, 4(3): 12-18 | Back to browse issues page

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Khodisiave M, Mohamadkhani M, Amini R, Karami M. Factors Predicting the Standard Precautions for Infection Control among Pre-hospital Emergency Staff of Hamadan Based on the Health Belief Model. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 4 (3) :12-18
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-372-en.html
1- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , aminiroy@gmail.com
3- Modeling for Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Department of Epidmiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (5773 Views)
Background and Objective: Standard precautions are a set of basic strategies for preventing occupational exposure in pre-hospital emergency staff. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive factors for controlling infection based on the health belief model.
Materials and Methods: In a descriptive-analytic study, 84 pre-hospital emergency staff members were selected through the census sampling method in Hamadan, Iran, 2017. Data collection tool was a self-report questionnaire including sections on demographic information, awareness, health belief model constructs, and practice. To analyze the data, independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and linear regression were run in SPSS, version 21.
Results: The mean age of the subjects was 31.64±7.63 years. The level of awareness about the standard precautions for infection control was poor (mean: 46.85±15.13), while the practice level was moderate (mean: 55.16±12.73). There was a significant relationship between practice and the constructs of perceived benefits, cues to action, perceived sensitivity, and perceived self-efficacy (P<0.05). Further, perceived benefits was significantly association with awareness (P=0.009). However, the results of linear regression analysis were not significant (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Observance of the standard precautions for controlling infection among pre-hospital emergency staff can be improved by reinforcing the constructs of perceived benefits, perceived susceptibility, perceived self-efficacy, and cues to action.
Full-Text [PDF 688 kb]   (1625 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Injury Prevention
Received: 2017/10/9 | Accepted: 2017/12/5

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