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Aghamolaei T, Davoodi S H, Madani A, Safari-Moradabadi A, Dadipoor S. Life Style of the Residents of Hormoz Island: A Cross-sectional Study. JECH. 2018; 5
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-379-en.html
1- Professor, Social Determinants on Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Associate Professor, Social Determinants on Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
4- MSc, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- MSc, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (255 Views)
Introduction: A great deal of mortalities in Iran are induced by an incorrect life-style. The existing evidence shows that life style is correlated with agressive diseases and defective health. Therefore, the present research aimed to investigate the life-style of the inhabitants of Hormoz Island in 2016. 
Methods: In the present cross-sectional research, 400 inhabitant subjects, above 15 years of age, were selected through the randomized stratified clustering method. The subjects' demographic information and details on their life-style were obtained through a reliable and valid questionnaire developed by the researcher along with an interview conducted by the present researchers. The data entered SPSS19 for statistical analysis and chi-squared test as well as one-way ANOVA were run to this aim.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of the subjects' age was 36.1±14.52. 46% of the subjects were male and 54% were female. As for life-style, 41% consumed liquid oil and 20.3% consumed non-saline food. The mean rates of consuming fruit, vegetables and fish per week were respectively 48.2, 55.3 and 65.3. Smoking (cigarettes, pipe or hookah) prevailed among 31.7% of subjects. 37% enjoyed regular physical activity. Statistically significant correlations were found between education and consumption of salt (p<0.02), socioeconomic level and type of oil consumed (p<0.005) and finally between healthy nutrition and socioeconomic status (p<0.05). 
Conclusion: Here are a number of suggestions to improve the quality of life-style: healthy nutrition education in mass media, appropriate plans to raise public awareness of nutrition especially in low socioeconomic levels, right policymaking to provide public access to affordable and healthy food, raising taxes on tobacco, providing what people require for physical activity, informing and acculturing people to safe behaviors and promoting the quality of life-style.
     
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/10/18 | Accepted: 2018/03/20

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