Volume 5, Issue 2 (September 2018)                   J Educ Community Health 2018, 5(2): 64-73 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghi S, Pouretemad H R, Khosrowabadi R, Fathabadi J, Nikbakht S. Impact of Media Use on the Health of Children: A Systematic Review. J Educ Community Health. 2018; 5 (2) :64-73
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-466-en.html
1- Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. , pouretemad.h@gmail.com
3- Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Child Neurology Fellowship, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1171 Views)
Background and Objective: Nowadays, the use of digital devices such as televisions, DVDs, smartphones, tablets and computer games is increasing among children. The present study aim is to review the studies that investigate the health-related consequences of the use of media in children.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted using a systematic review method and internal and external articles that were designed to study the effect of using digital devices on children's health (external articles published in the years 2007 to 2017) were studied. After the screening, by attention to the articles outcome variables, results in 3 categories of physical, cognitive, social-emotional-behavioral effects were analyzed and deduced.
Results: The results of this study showed that extreme use of media associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity, changes in food habits and the pattern of sleep, structural changes in the brain, motor and language delays, weaknesses in the vocabulary domain, verbal intelligence and executive functions, emotional, communicative, social and behavioral problems.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, it can be concluded that the use of digital devices, especially in the early stages of development, should be limited and parents, by creating a lifestyle that is full of human interaction, enrich the child's environment with social, cognitive, emotional and behavioral stimulus so that the child tend less toward digital devices and prevent the harmful effects of excessive using of digital devices.
     
Type of Study: Systematic Review Articles | Subject: Addictive Behaviors
Received: 2018/02/25 | Accepted: 2018/05/5

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