Volume 5, Issue 3 (December 2018)                   J Educ Community Health 2018, 5(3): 57-62 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karimiankakolaki Z, Eslami A, Gerayllo S, Heidari F, Safari Hajataghaie S, Behzadi Goudari S. Effect of Education Using the Virtual Social Networks on Promoting Women's Self-Efficacy in Preventing Osteoporosis. J Educ Community Health. 2018; 5 (3) :57-62
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-520-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Gerash University of Medical Science, Fars, Iran. , heidari.f20@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1758 Views)
Background & Objective: Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disease. The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of education through the Telegram network on increasing the self-efficacy of women in preventing osteoporosis.
Materials & Methods: The present study is a semi-experimental research with pre-test post-test with randomized control group design, which was conducted in 2017 among 60 women referring to the health centers of Yazd surrounding. The subjects were selected by random cluster sampling and assigned to intervention and control groups. The research instrument was a two-part questionnaire, including demographic information and self-efficacy questions. After completing the questionnaires, a package of educational messages was sent to the intervention group via the Telegram channel, but the control group did not receive any education. A month later, the questionnaires were completed again and the data were analyzed by SPSS18 software, using paired and independent t-test as well as Chi-square test.
Results: After intervention, the mean score of self-efficacy increased in intervention group compared to control group (p<0.001). Also, the mean of self-efficacy score increased after intervention in the intervention group and decreased in the control group (p<0.001). In the intervention group, the mean score of self-efficacy questions regarding the ability to use calcium and vitamin D supplements (p=0.032), exposure to sunlight for 15 minutes (p=0.005), and avoiding carbonated beverages (p=0.001) was significantly higher after intervention than before.
Conclusion: Education through the Telegram on osteoporosis can be effective in promoting the self-efficacy of women in preventing osteoporosis.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 239 kb]   (441 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Self-care of Chronic Diseases
Received: 2018/06/8 | Accepted: 2018/09/21

1. Kanis JA, Melton LJ, Christiansen C, Johnston CC, Khaltaev N. The diagnosis of osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 1994;9(8):1137-41. [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Kanis J. Assessment of osteoporosis at the primary health-care level. WHO Scientific Group Technical Report. Univ Sheffield. 2007:1-337.
3. Bagheri P, Haghdoost AA, Dortaj Rabari E, Halimi L, Vafaei Z, Farhangnia M, Shayan L. Ultra analysis of prevalence of osteoporosis in Iranian women “a systematic review and meta-analysis”. Iran J Endocrinol Metabol. 2011;13(3):315-25. [Persian]
4. Derakhshan S, Salehi R, Reshadmanesh N. Prevalence of osteoporosis, osteopenia and their related factors in post-menopausal women referring to Kurdistan densitometry center. Scientific J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2006;11(2):59-67. [Persian]
5. Merav Ben-Natan RN, Heyman N, Ben Israel J. Evaluation of osteoporosis educational program on elders who sustained an osteoporotic fracture. Int J Caring Sci. 2014;7(2):602-9.
6. Khani Jeihooni A, Hidarnia AR, Kaveh MH, Hajizadeh E. The effect of a prevention program based on health belief model on osteoporosis. J Res Health Sci. 2015;15(1):47-53. [PubMed]
7. Shojaezadeh D, Sadeghi R, Tarrahi MJ, Asadi M, Lashgarara B. Application of health belief model in prevention of osteoporosis in volunteers of Khorramabad City Health Centers, Iran. Health Syst Res. 2012;8(2):183-92. [Persian]
8. Mohammadi S, Ghofranipour F, Gholami Fesharaki M. The effect of osteoporosis prevention education on knowledge, attitude and behavior of adolescent female students in Kermanshah, Iran. J Educ Community Health. 2015;2(2):47-55. [Persian]
9. Khorsandi M, Shamsi M, Jahani F. The survey of practice about prevention of osteoporosis based on health belief model in pregnant women in Arak City. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2013;12(1):35-46. [Persian]
10. Heber E, Ebert DD, Lehr D, Nobis S, Berking M, Riper H. Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a web-based and mobile stress-management intervention for employees: Design of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):1-12. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Lim T, Fadzil M, Mansor N. Mobile learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, effective, and sustainable. Int Rev Res Open Distrib Learn. 2011;12(2):122-37. [DOI]
12. Rezai Rad M, Mohammadi Atargaleh R. Assessing the role of applying e-learning in the training and learning process from faculty members΄ point of view at Payam Noor University, Mazandaran. Interdiscip J Virtual Learn Med Sci. 2012;3(3):1-2. [Persian]
13. Sheikh Abumasoudi R, Soltani Mollayaghoobi N. Comparison the Effect of Electronic Learning and Teaching Based on Lecture on Knowledge of Nursing Students about Heart Dysrhythmias in 2014: A Short Report. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2015;14(4):339-44. [Persian]
14. Absavaran M, Niknami Sh, Zareban I. Effect of training through lecture and mobile phone on breast self-examination among nurses of Zabol Hospitals. Payesh. 2015;14(3):363-73. [Persian]
15. Vahedian Shahroodi M, La’l Monfared E, Esmaeili H, Tehrani H, Mohaddes Hakkak HR. Prediction of osteoporosis preventive behaviors using the health belief model. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2014;2(3):199-207. [Persian]
16. Baghiani Moghadam MH, Khabiri F, Morovati Sharifabad MA, Dehghan A, Falahzadeh H. Determination of social variables affected the health belief model in adopting preventive behaviors of osteoporosis. Toloo-e-behdasht. 2016;15(2):45-57. [Persian]
17. Prentice A. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of osteoporosis. Public Health Nutr. 2004;7(1A):227-43. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Kargar M, Jamali Moghadam N, Moattari M. The effect of osteoporosis prevention education by peers and health personnel on self-efficacy of adolescents with Nephrotic Syndrome. Iran J Nurs. 2013;26(81):44-53. [Persian]
19. Ebadi Fard Azar F, Solhi M, Zohoor A, Ali Hosseini M. The effect of health belief model on promoting preventive behaviors of osteoporosis among rural women of Malayer. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2012;16(2):58-64. [Persian]
20. Keramat A, Larijani B, Adibi H, Hoseinnejad A, Chopra A, Ptoardahan B. Risk factors for osteoporosis in urban Iranian postmenopausal women (A center based study). J Knowledge Health. 2007;2(3):36-41. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb