Volume 5, Issue 4 (March 2019)                   J Educ Community Health 2019, 5(4): 4-10 | Back to browse issues page

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Daneshvar S, Aivazi A A, Naghizadeh M M, Ghazanfari Z. Factors Associated with Preventive Behaviors of Pediculosis Infection among Elementary School Girl Students in Eyvan: An Application of the Health Belief Model. J Educ Community Health. 2019; 5 (4) :4-10
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-530-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical sciences, Ilam, Iran.
2- Non-communicable Disease Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
3- Psycosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. , Ghazanfari-z@medilam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (313 Views)
Background and objectives: Pediculosis Capitis is one of the important health issues in students which cause physical, mental and social complications. This study aimed to investigate the head lice infestation’s preventive behaviors among female primary school students at Eyvan city in 2016.
Material and Methods: The present study was a descriptive-analytic study performed on 157 female 4th and 5th grades primary school students, who were selected by cluster sampling in 2016. Data collection tools were a researcher-made questionnaire which was designed based on HBM and its validity and reliability was confirmed. After completing questionnaires by students, data was entered into SPSS software version 16, and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics (including chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression).
Results: There were no significant association between preventive behaviors of head lice and educational grade, parents' occupation, parents’ education, and pediculosis history (P> 0.05). Correlation coefficient test showed a significant correlation between preventive behavior of head lice with self-efficacy (P <0.01). Also, the regression model with the self- efficacy variable predicted 26.4 percent of behavioral change. (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that self-efficacy have a significant role in adopting preventive behaviors of head lice. Health professionals should pay special attention to this factor in designing and implementing health education programs aiming at controlling pediculosis.
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/06/27 | Accepted: 2018/09/9

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