Volume 6, Issue 1 (March 2019)                   J Educ Community Health 2019, 6(1): 41-47 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sabooteh S, Shahnazi H, Mostafavi F. Health Literacy Status and Its Related Factors in the Elderlies in Dorood, Iran. J Educ Community Health. 2019; 6 (1) :41-47
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-564-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , h_shahnazi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (342 Views)
Aims: Elderly people with low levels of health literacy, as one of the most at-risk groups, have some problems regarding the perception of information related to their health. This study was conducted with the aim of determining health literacy status in elderly population of Dorood, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 220 elderly people referring to health centers in Dorood in 2017. The sampling method was first stratified random sampling. To collect information, the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) was used as self-report. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 software, using Pearson correlation coefficient, Spearman correlation, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA.
Findings: The mean age of participants in this study was 66.29 ± 7.57 years. The results of this study showed that the mean of health literacy score in the subjects was56.45± 19.9 from 100 and the health literacy of 57.2% of the elderly was insufficient. This study showed that there is a significant relationship between health literacy with age, education level and income (p <0.05).
Conclusion: The health literacy of elderlies is low in Dorood and the level of inadequate health literacy is less common in people with older ages, lower education, and lower income levels.
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Literacy
Received: 2018/08/27 | Accepted: 2018/11/10

1. Hojjati H, Koochaki G, Sanagoo A.The relationship between loneliness and life satisfaction of the elderly in Gorgan and Gonbad cities. J Res Dev Nurs Midwifery. 2012;9(1):61-8. [Persian]
2. Aghamolaei T, Hasani L. Communication barriers among nurses and elderly patients. Hormozgan Med J. 2011;14(4):312-8. [Persian]
3. Sanagoo A, Bazyar A, Chehrehgosha M, Gharanjic S, Noroozi M, Pakravanfar S, et al . People attitude toward elderly in Golestan province, 2009. J Res Dev Nurs Midwifery. 2012;8(2):24-9. [Persian]
4. Adib Hajbagheri M, Akbari H. The severity of old age disability and its related factors. Feyz. 2009;13(3):225-34. [Persian]
5. Tsai TI, Lee SY, Tsai YW, Kuo KN. Methodology and validation of health literacy scale development in Taiwan. J Health Commun. 2011;16(1):50-61.
6. James BD, Boyle PA, Bennett JS, Bennett DA. The impact of health and financial literacy on decision making in community-based older adults. Gerontology. 2012;58(6):531-9.
7. Sihota S, Lennard L. Health literacy being able to make the most of health. London: National Consumer Council; 2004.
8. Panahi R, Ebrahimi Gh, Ahmadi A. Health literacy: a key component of controlling social determinants of health. J Educ Community Health. 2018;5(1):1-3. [Persian]
9. Tehrani Banihashemi SA, Amirkhani MA, Haghdoost AA, Alavian SM, Asgharifard H, Baradaran H, et al . Health literacy and the influencing factors: a study in five provinces of Iran. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2007;4(1):1-9. [Persian]
10. Kanj M, Mitic W. Promoting Health and Development: Closing the Implementation Gap. The 7th Global Conference on Health Promotion. Nairobi, Kenya: World Health Organization; 2009.
11. Ferguson LA, Pawlak, R. Health literacy: the road to improved health outcomes. J Nurse Pract. 2011;7(2):123-9.
12. Ghanbari Sh, Majlesi F, Ghaffari M, Mahmoodi Majdabadi M. Evaluation of health literacy of pregnant women in urban health centers of Shahid Beheshti Medical University. Daneshvar Med. 2012;19(97):1-12. [Persian]
13. Scott TL, Gazmararian JA, Williams MV, Baker DW. Health literacy and preventive health care use among Medicare enrollees in a managed care organization. Med Care. 2002;40(5):395–404.
14. Bostock S, Steptoe A. Association between low functional health literacy and mortality in older adults: Longitudinal cohort study. Br Med J. 2012;344(3):2-10.
15. North Carolina Institute of Medicine. Just What Did the Doctor Order? Addressing Low Health Literacy in North Carolina [Internet]. Morrisville, North Carolina: North Carolina Institute of Medicine; 2007 [cited 2018 Nov 22]. Available from: http://nciom.org/what-did-the-doctor-order-addressing-low-health-literacy-in-north-carolina/
16. Reisi M, Mostafavi F, Hasanzadeh A, Sharifi Rad Gh. The relationship between health literacy, health status and healthy behaviors among elderly in Isfahan. J Health Syst Res. 2011;7(4):469-80. [Persian]
17. Izadi Rad H, Zareban I. The relationship of health literacy with health status, preventive behaviors and health services utilization in Baluchistan, Iran. J Educ Community Health. 2015;2(3):43-50. [Persian]
18. Kooshyar H, Shoorvazi M, Dalir Z, Hosseini M. Health literacy and its relationship with medical adherence and health-related quality of life in diabetic community-residing elderly. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2014;23(1):134-43. [Persian]
19. Mohseni M, Khanjani N, Iranpour A, Tabe R, Borhaninejad VR. The relationship between health literacy and health status among elderly people in Kerman. Salmand. 2015;10(2):146-55. [Persian]
20. Headley AJ, Harrigan J. Using the pregnancy perception of risk questionnaire to assess health care literacy gaps in maternal perception of prenatal risk. J Natl Med Assoc. 2009;101(10):1041-5.
21. Tavousi M, Haeri Mehrizi AA, Rafieifar Sh, Soleimanian A, Sarbandi F, Ardestani M, et al. Health literacy in Iran: findings from a national study. Payesh. 2016;15(1):95-102. [Persian]
22. Javadzade H, Sharifi Rad Gh, Reisi M, Tavassoli E, Rajati F. Health literacy among adults of Isfahan, Iran. J Health Syst Res. 2013;9(5):540-9. [Persian]
23. Asna Ashari F, Pirdehghan A, Rajabi F, Sayyarifard A, Ghadirian L, Rostami N, et al. The study of health literacy of staff about risk factors of chronic diseases in 2014. Avicenna J Clin Med. 2015;22(3):248-54. [Persian]
24. Nekoei Moghadam M, Parva S, Amiresmaeili, Baneshi M. Health literacy and utilization of health services in Kerman urban area 2011. Toloo-e-behdasht. 2013;11(4):123-34. [Persian]
25. Ramezankhani A, Ghaffari M, Rakhshani F, Ghanbari Sh, Azimi S. Comparison of health literacy between medical and non-medical students in Shahid Beheshti Universities in the academic. Pajoohandeh. 2015;20(2):78-85. [Persian]
26. Kutner MA, National Center for Education Statistics. The health literacy of America’s adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. Washington D.C.: Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics; 2006.
27. Heinrich C. Health literacy: the sixth vital sign. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2012;24(4):218-23.
28. von Wagner C, Knight K, Steptoe A, Wardle J. Functional health literacy and health-promoting behavior in a national sample of British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(12):1086-90.
29. Mollakhalili H, Papi A, Sharifi Rad Gh, Zare Farashbandi Z, Hasanzadeh H. A survey on health literacy of inpatients educational hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Health Inf Manage. 2014;11(4):464-73. [Persian]
30. Khosravi A, Ahmadzadeh Kh. Investigating health literacy Level of patients referred to Bushehr hospitals and recognizing its effective factors. Iran South Med J. 2016;18(6):1245-53. [Persian]
31. Seyedoshohadaei M, Kaghanizadeh M, Nezami M, Hamedani B, Barasteh S. The relationship between health literacy and general health in patients with type 2 diabetes. Iran J Diabetes Metabol. 2016;15(5):312-9. [Persian]
32. Sorlie V, Lopez RA. When language, health literacy, and miscommunication collide: tremors versus seizures. Fam Med. 2011;43(1):48-50.
33. Muir KW, Lee PP. Health literacy and ophthalmic patient education. Surv Ophthalmol. 2010;55(5):454-9.
34. Lee SY, Tsai TI, Tsai YW, Kuo KN. Health literacy, health status, and healthcare utilization of Taiwanese adults: results from a national survey. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:614.
35. Ghanbari A, Rahmatpour P, Khalili M, Barari F. The association between health literacy and health status among the staff of Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. J Health Syst Res. 2016;12(3):381-7. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb