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1- Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd
2- Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd , rashidian.m@gmail.com
Abstract:   (88 Views)
Introduction: As iron deficiency anemia is prevalent in female teenagers, female students attending high schools receive 16 iron supplements for 16 weeks, annually. The current evidence shows that students do not ingest the supplements as it is recommended. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of iron supplement consumption among female students attending high schools based on the health promotion model.
Materials and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study, 230 female students were invited from high schools using classified random sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire including demographic characteristics and health promotion model structures were filled by the participants. Bivariate correlation and linear regression were used to analyze the data.
Results: the average consumption of iron supplement by students was 8.44±5.19 from 16. The perceived self-efficacy and positive affect toward behavior had the strongest association with the supplement consumption (p<0.001). Totally, 19.1% of the variation in behavior was explained by self-efficacy and perceived barrier in which Perceived self-efficacy was the strongest predictor of consumption of iron supplement (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The present study showed that increasing self-efficacy and reducing perceived barriers might improve the iron supplements consumption by students. Additionally, due to the relatively good identification of the iron supplement consumption by health promotion model, application of this model is proposed for predicting related behaviors.
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Self-care of Chronic Diseases
Received: 2018/11/14 | Accepted: 2019/01/12

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