Volume 7, Issue 1 (March 2020)                   J Educ Community Health 2020, 7(1): 5-12 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.UMSHA.REC.1397.399


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Masoumi S Z, Alavipour N, Parsa P, Kazemi F. Demographic Factors Affecting Sexual Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Women. J Educ Community Health. 2020; 7 (1) :5-12
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-742-en.html
1- “Research Center for Child and Maternity Care” and “Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery”, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery , narges.alavi1983@gmail.com
3- “Research Center for Chronic Diseases Care” and “Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery”, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (372 Views)
Aims: Sexual dysfunction is the common problem in menopause, which can be affected by demographic factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic factors affecting sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women.
Instrument & Methods: This cross sectional descriptive-analytic study was performed on 315 postmenopausal women referred to health care centers in Hamadan in 2018 who were selected by purposive sampling method. The research tools were demographic questionnaire and the female sexual function index (FSFI). To investigate the relationship between different factors and sexual function, univariate and multivariate linear regression were used.
Findings: The mean age of participants was 54.15±4.24 years old. The mean score of sexual function was 18.92±4.25, which indicates an undesirable sexual function in postmenopausal women. By increasing the frequency of spouse's marriage, the sexual function score decreased by 2.45 scores (p=0.006). Also, the sexual function score in those who did not have a marriage satisfaction was 5.58 scores less than those who were satisfied with their marital status (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The sexual function in studied postmenopausal women is undesirable and they have abnormalities in all areas except sexual pain. There are also relationship between the frequency of spouse's marriage and the satisfaction of marriage with sexual function in postmenopausal women.
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Sexual Health
Received: 2019/06/8 | Accepted: 2019/09/18

References
1. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry. 10th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011. [Full text]
2. Fairclough DL. Design and analysis of quality of life studies in clinical trials. 2nd Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2010. [Full text]
3. Association AP. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). 5th Edition. Washington DC:American Psychiatric Association; 2013. [Full text]
4. Mehrabi F, Dadfar M. The role of psychological factors in sexual functional disorders. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2003;9(1):4-11. [Persian] [Full text]
5. Lamont J, Bajzak K, Bouchard C, Burnett M, Byers S, Cohen T, et al. Female sexual health consensus clinical guidelines. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2012;34(8):769-75. [PubMed]
6. Cramer DW, Barbieri RL, Xu H, Reichardt JK. Determinants of basal follicle-stimulating hormone levels in premenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994;79(4):1105-9. [PubMed]
7. World Health Organization. Gender and reproductive rights. [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002 [cited 2018 Oct 17]. Available from: https://bit.ly/2SzPnXk. [Full text]
8. Yoshani N, Bahri N, Morovati Sharifabad MA, Mihanpour H, Delshad Noghabi A. Effects of training the menopausal health on knowledge and performance of husbands with women during transitional period to menopause. J Health. 2018;9(1):27-35. [Persian] [Full text]
9. Ghorbani M, Azhari S, Esmaili H, Ghanbari B. The relationship between life style with vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women referred to women’s training health centers in Mashhad in 2011. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil. 2013;15(39):23-30. [Persian] [Full text]
10. Monshipour SM, Mokhtari Lakeh N, Rafat F, Kazemnejad Leili E. Related factors to menopausal women’s quality of life in Rasht. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2016;25(79):80-8. [Persian] [Full text]
11. Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & wilkins; 2005. [Full text]
12. Azadi T, Arghavani H, Karezani P, Sayehmiri K. Estimation of mean age of menopause in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2018;26(4):85-93. [Persian] [Full text]
13. Elavsky S, McAuley E. Personality, menopausal symptoms, and physical activity outcomes in middle-aged women. Pers Individ Dif. 2009;46(2):123-8. [PubMed]
14. Basson R, Berman J, Burnett A, Derogatis L, Ferguson D, Fourcroy J, et al. Report of the international consensus development conference on female sexual dysfunction: definitions and classifications. J Urol. 2000;163(3):888-93. [PubMed]
15. Giraldi A, Marson L, Nappi R, Pfaus J, Traish AM, Vardi Y, et al. Physiology of female sexual function: animal models. J Sex Med. 2004;1(3):237-53. [PubMed]
16. Graziottin A, Leiblum SR. Biological and psychosocial pathophysiology of female sexual dysfunction during the menopausal transition. J Sex Med. 2005;2(Suppl 3):133-45. [PubMed]
17. Davison SL, Davis SR. Androgenic hormones and aging-the link with female sexual function. Horm Behav. 2011;59(5):745-53. [PubMed]
18. Ambler DR, Bieber EJ, Diamond MP. Sexual function in elderly women: a review of current literature. Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2012;5(1):16-27. [PubMed]
19. Robinson D, Toozs-Hobson P, Cardozo L. The effect of hormones on the lower urinary tract. Menopause Int. 2013;19(4):155-62. [PubMed]
20. Yazdanpanahi Z, Nikkholgh M, Akbarzadeh M, Pourahmad S. Stress, anxiety, depression, and sexual dysfunction among postmenopausal women in Shiraz, Iran, 2015. J Family Community Med. 2018;25(2):82-7. [PubMed]
21. Nazarpour S, Simbar M, Tehrani FR. Factors affecting sexual function in menopause: a review article. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;55(4):480-7. [PubMed]
22. Camacho ME, Reyes-Ortiz CA. Sexual dysfunction in the elderly: age or disease? Int J Impot Res. 2005;17(Suppl 1):S52-6. [PubMed]
23. Rantell A, Srikrishna S, Robinson D. Assessment of the impact of urogenital prolapse on sexual dysfunction. Maturitas. 2016;92:56-60. [PubMed]
24. Fayers PM, Machin D. Quality of life: the assessment, analysis and interpretation of patient-reported outcomes. 2nd Edition. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2013. [Full text]
25. Afghari A, Ganji J, Ahmad Shirvani M. Psycho-emotional changes in menopause: a qualitative study. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;22(93):27-38. [Persian] [Full text]
26. Bonomi AE, Patrick DL, Bushnell DM, Martin M. Validation of the United States' version of the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL) instrument. J Clin Epidemiol. 2000;53(1):1-12. [PubMed]
27. Mazinani R, Akbari Mehr M, Kaskian A, Kashanian M. Evaluation of prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and its related factors in women. Razi J Med Sci. 2013;19(105):59-66. [Persian] [Full text]
28. Addis IB, Van Den Eeden SK, Wassel-Fyr CL, Vittinghoff E, Brown JS, Thom DH, et al. Sexual activity and function in middle-aged and older women. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;107(4):755-64. [PubMed]
29. Mohammadi K, Heidari M, Faghihzadeh S. The female sexual function index (FSFI): validation of the Iranian version. Payesh. 2008;7(2):269-78. [Persian] [Full text]
30. Bakouei F, Omidvar S, Nasiri F. Prevalence of female sexual dysfunction in married women and its related factors (Babol 2006). J Babol Univ Med Sci. 2007;9(4):59-64. [Persian] [Full text]
31. Ramezani Tehrani F, Farahmand M, Mehrabi Y, Malek-afzali H, Abedini M. Prevalence of female sexual dysfunction and its correlated factors: a population based study. Payesh. 2012;11(6):869-75. [Persian] [Full text]
32. Babakhani N, Taravati M, Masoumi Z, Garousian M, Faradmal J, Shayan A. The effect of cognitive-behavioral consultation on sexual function among women: a randomized clinical trial. J Caring Sci. 2018;7(2):83-8. [PubMed]
33. Ghavam M, Tasbihsazan R. Prevalence and diversity of sexual disorders among male and female patients referred to family healthcare clinic, Tehran, Iran. Stud Med Sci. 2008;18(4):634-9. [Persian] [Full text]
34. Laumann EO, Paik A, Rosen RC. Sexual dysfunction in the United States: prevalence and predictors. JAMA. 1999;281(6):537-44. [PubMed]
35. Verit FF, Verit A, Billurcu N. Low sexual function and its associated risk factors in pre- and postmenopausal women without clinically significant depression. Maturitas. 2009;64(1):38-42. [PubMed]
36. Rosen R, Brown C, Heiman J, Leiblum S, Meston C, Shabsigh R, et al. The female sexual function index (FSFI): a multidimensional self-report instrument for the assessment of female sexual function. J Sex Marital Ther. 2000;26(2):191-208. [PubMed]
37. Beutel ME, Schumacher J, Weidner W, Brähler E. Sexual activity, sexual and partnership satisfaction in ageing men--results from a German representative community study. Andrologia. 2002;34(1):22-8. [PubMed]
38. Beigi M, Fahami F, Hassanzahraei R, Arman S. Associative factors to sexual dysfunction in menopause women. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2008;13(1):32-5. [Full text]
39. Danaci AE, Oruç S, Adigüzel H, Yildirim Y, Aydemir O. Relationship of sexuality with psychological and hormonal features in the menopausal period. West Indian Med J. 2003;52(1):27-30. [PubMed]
40. Kingsberg SA. The impact of aging on sexual function in women and their partners. Arch Sex Behav. 2002;31(5):431-7. [PubMed]
41. Hashemi S, Ramezani Tehrani F, Simbar M, Abedini M, Bahreinian H, Gholami R. Evaluation of sexual attitude and sexual function in menopausal age; a population based cross-sectional study. Iran J Reprod Med. 2013;11(8):631-6. [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb