Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2017)                   J Educ Community Health 2017, 3(4): 59-65 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khani-Jeihouni A, Ranjbari S, Khiyali Z, Moradi Z, Motamedi M J. Evaluation of the Factors Associated with AIDS Prevention Performance among Male Barbers Based on the Health Belief Model in Fasa. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 3 (4) :59-65
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-76-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. , khani_1512@yahoo.com
2- Development and Resource Management Affairs, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
4- Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Abstract:   (5243 Views)
Background and Objectives: The number of patients inflicted with AIDS is on a growing trend in Iran, and one of the routes of disease transmission is the infection of sharps that are used for different people without disinfection. This study was designed to evaluate the performance of male barbers regarding AIDS prevention based on the Health Belief Model in Fasa, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 on 220 male barbers working in Fasa, Iran. The participants were chosen through random multi-stage sampling. The data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire including demographic data, knowledge, and constructs of the Health Belief Model using self-report. To analyze the data, linear regression was run in SPSS, version 18.
Results: Our findings showed that among the participants, knowledge was good, perceived sensitivity was moderate, perceived severity was low, perceived benefits were high, perceived barriers were low, and practice was at a good level. Knowledge, perceived sensitivity, and perceived benefits constructs were predictors of barbers' performance in preventing AIDS. In general, 31.5% of variance predicted performance variables.
Conclusions: Regarding the results of this study, by appropriate planning for raising awareness, perceived sensitivity, and perceived benefits regarding AIDS, barbers’ performance can be enhances, which  is essential for preventing and controlling AIDS.
Full-Text [PDF 451 kb]   (2413 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Social Determinants of Health
Received: 2015/02/23 | Accepted: 2016/11/22

1. Shojaei-Tehrani H, Malek-Afzali H. Preventive and social medicine. 17th ed. Tehran: Samat Publisher; 2002. [Persian]
2. Sodeify R, Safar Alizadeh F, Parto-Azam H. A study to determine and compare the knowledge and practice of male and female hairdressers about AIDS and ways to illness prevention. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Facul. 2007;5(2):75-9. [Persian]
3. Arabi M, Rakhshi M, Heidarzadeh M, Ghahramanian A. Knowledge and attitude of female high school students in relation to AIDS in Bonab city. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2012;23(69):45-53. [Persian]
4. Bijari B, Abbasi A, Sharifzadeh GR, Salehi S. Effects of health education program on knowledge and attitude of barbers and beauticians in Birjand about AIDS: (a short report). J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2012;11(5):489-94. [Persian]
5. Miri MR, Fani MJ, Matlabi M, Nazemi H. Using health belief model for preventing STDs in Medical students. Ofogh-E-Danesh. 2002;8(1):34-26. [Persian]
6. Yavari P. Epidemiology textbook of prevalent diseases in Iran. 1st ed. Tehran: Gap Publisher; 2013. P. 29-41. [Persian]
7. Latest statistics on HIV/AIDS in the country by the end of June 2015. Tehran, Iran: National AIDS Prevention Center of Iran; 2015.
8. Miri M, Mogharab M, Hoseinpour F. Knowledge, attitude and performance of male workers of Birjand factories toward AIDS & hepatitis B. Modern J Care. 2009;6(1):12-8. [Persian]
9. Panahandeh Z, Dousdar Sanaye M. Effect of occupational health training on knowledge level of hairdressers toward HIV and HBV transmission and prevention in Rasht. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2009;18(60):1-8. [Persian]
10. Ghaneian M, Mehrparvar AH, Jasemizad T, Mansouri F, Selselevaziri H, Zare F. The survey of knowledge, attitude and practice of female hairdressers in yazd about diseases related to hairdressing profession in 2013. Occupat Med. 2014;6(2):54-64. [Persian]
11. Salami KK, Titiloye MA, Brieger WR, Otusanya SA. Observations of barbers' activities in Oyo State Nigeria: implications for HIV/AIDS transmission. Int Q Community Health Educ. 2005-2006;24(4):319-30. [PubMed]
12. Rahmati NF, Niknami SH, Shokravi FA, Ahmadi F, Jafari MR, Rahnama P. The implication of health belief model in planning educational programmes for preventing HIV/AIDS among university students. Payesh. 2009;8(4):349-59. [Persian]
13. Johari M, Eslami AA, Alahverdipoor H, Hasanzadeh A, Farid F. Factors related with adopting healthy behaviors by patients with tuberculosis in Isfahan, Iran: application of health belief model. Health Syst Res. 2011;7(3):315-22. [Persian]
14. Zimmerman Jr RS. The new world of health promotion: new program development, implementation and evaluation. 1st ed. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2009.
15. Lowenestein AJ, Foord-May L, RomanoJC. Teaching strategies for health education and health promotion: working with patients, families, and communities. 1st ed. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers; 2009.
16. Sharma M. Theoretical foundation of health education and health promotion. 2nd ed. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers; 2012.
17. Mahmoudi GR, Hosseini SA. Knowledge, attitude and performance of barbers about AIDS prevention. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2000;2(5):26-32. [Persian]
18. Wazir MS, Mehmood S, Ahmed A, Jadoon HR. Awareness among barbers about health hazards associated with their profession. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2008;20(2):35-8. [PubMed]
19. Karimi MA, Ghofranipor F, Heidarnia A. The effect of health education based on health belief model on preventive actions of AIDS on addict in Zarandieh. J Guilan Univ Med Sci. 2009;18(70):64-73. [Persian]
20. Zahraoui-Mehadji M, Zahraoui Baakrim M, Laraqui S, Laraqui O, El-Kabouss Y, Verger C, et al. Infectious risks associated with blood exposure for traditional barbers and their customers in Morocco. Sante. 2004;14(4):211-6. [PubMed]
21. Amini M, Sayehmiri K. Evaluation of effective factors on knowledge and attitude of people of the city of Ilam regarding acquired immune deficiency syndrome. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2013;21(1):1-7. [Persian]
22. Zabihi A, Hajian K. Assessment of the effect of education program on knowledge, attitude and. J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci. 2004;8(3):133-8. [Persian]
23. Tabasi Darmiyan A, Zareban I, Masuodi GH, SHahrakipoor M. The effect of educational program on knowledge, attitudes and preventive behaviors of disease transmission in patients with AIDS. J Health Chimes. [Persian]
24. Mainbolagh BL, Rakhshani F, Zareban I, Montazerifar F, Sivaki HA, Parvizi Z. The effect of peer education based on health belief model on nutrition behaviors in primary school boys. J Res Health Soc Dev Health Promot Res Center. 2012;2(2):214-25. [Persian]
25. Baghianimoghadam MH, Forghani H, Zulghadr R, Rahaii Z, Khani P. Health belief model and HIV/AIDS among high School female students in Yazd, Iran. J Res Med Sci. 2010;15(3):189-90.
26. Karimy M, Zareban I, Tabasi Darmiyan A, Taher M, Faieazi N. The beliefs and factors affecting preventive behaviors of HIV transmission in HIV-positive patients. Iran J Infect Dis Tropical Med. 2016;21(72):41-7. [Persian]
27. Iriyama S, Nakahara S, Jimba M, Ichikawa M, Wakai S. AIDS health beliefs and intention for sexual abstinence among male adolescent students in Kathmandu, Nepal: a test of perceived severity and susceptibility. Public Health. 2007;121(1):64-72. [DOI] [PubMed]
28. Abdissa HG, Lemu YK, Nigussie DT. HIV preventive behavior and associated factors among mining workers in Sali traditional gold mining site bench maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):1003. [DOI] [PubMed]
29. Barzegar Mahmudi TS, Khorsandi M, Shamsi M, Ranjbaran M. Knowledge, beliefs and performance of health volunteers in Malayer city about hepatitis B: an application of health belief model. Pajouhan Sci J. 2016;14(2):24-33. [Persian]
30. Karimy M, Abedi A, Amin-Shokravi F, Tavafian SS. Preventing HIV transmission among the opiate-dependent population in zarandieh: evaluation of the HBM-based educational programs. Health Educ Health Promot. 2013;1(1):21-31. [Persian]
31. Setegn T, Takele A, Dida N, Tulu T. Correlates of risk perception to HIV infection, abstinence and condom use among Madawalabu university students, Southeast Ethiopia: using health belief model (HBM). Global J Med Res. 2013;13(5):25-32.
32. Rahimi-ghilchalan M, Jalili Z, Farmanbar R. Factors related to preventive behaviors of hepatitis B based on health belief model in high risk workers. J Guilan Univ of Med Sci. 2016;25(100):19-27. [Persian]
33. Abraham C, Sheeran P, Spears R, Abrams D. Health beliefs and promotion of HIV-preventive intentions among teenagers: a Scottish perspective. Health Psychol. 1992;11(6):363-70. [PubMed]
34. Ghanepour MR, Hamedi V, Parimi F. KAP study of woman hairdressers about hygiene and infectious diseases in Damghan City. J Health. 2010;1(3):23-30. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb