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1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
2- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. , gholamitahereh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (53 Views)
Background and Objectives: The consumption of hookah, especially among young people, has been growing, and the increasing prevalence of smoking amongst students is alarming. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior in prevention of hookah among high school students in Fasa city.
 Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental randomly study was performed on 400 students (200 subjects and 200 controls) from high school boy students (2nd and 3rd) in 2018-2019. A questionnaire including demographic information, theory of planned behavior constructs and preventive behaviors of hookah in high school students were assessed before and three months after intervention. The intervention was based on planned behavior theory model for the experimental group in 7 sessions of 50-55 minutes. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22 software, Chi-square, independent t-test and paired t-test. The significance level was 0.05.
Results: The Mean and standard deviation of age of the subjects in the experimental group was 16.18 ± 1.68 years and the control group was 16.54 ± 1.33 years. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intent and preventive behaviors of hookahin pre intervention (p≥0.05). However, in the three months after intervention, the experimental group showed a significant increase in any of the variables indicated knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intent, and preventive behaviors of hookah, but the difference was significant(p=0.001), while there was no significant difference in the control group.
Conclusions: Based on the results, it is recommended that the authorities of the country, through effective methods of cultivation, educate and inform their students and families and plan to reduce consumption.
     
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Addictive Behaviors
Received: 2019/07/8 | Accepted: 2019/09/18

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