Volume 7, Issue 2 (June 2020)                   J Educ Community Health 2020, 7(2): 119-125 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.UMSHA.REC.1398.127

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moeini B, Rezapur-Shahkolai F, Tapak L, Geravandi A, Parsamajd S. Relationship between Happiness and Mental Health with Social Capital among Health Workers. J Educ Community Health. 2020; 7 (2) :119-125
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-793-en.html
1- Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5- Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , shahryar.parsa@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1011 Views)
Aims: Mental health, happiness, and social capital are important factors in optimal performance, entrepreneurship, reducing anxiety and depression, and increasing collaboration, agreement, intimacy, trust, and job satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between happiness and mental health with social capital of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences employees.
Instrument & Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 200 employees of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2019. Data were collected using GHQ-28 General Health, Oxford Happiness and Social Capital questionnaires. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software using independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficient, and linear regression.
Finding: The mean age of participants was 40.40±8.18 years. The happiness of 57.5% of the participants was moderate, 54.5% had poor mental health, and 60.5% reported high social capital. Happiness and mental health predicted social capital and explained 9.2% of its variance changes. A good place to live had significant relationship with happiness and high social capital (p<0.01), but did not have relationship with mental health (p= 0.294). Also the mean scores of social capital, mental health, and happiness showed significant relationship with self-assessment of individual health, self-assessment of happiness, and life satisfaction (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The healthier and happier people feel and the more satisfied they are with life, the more they enjoy mental health, happiness, and social capital.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 405 kb]   (322 Downloads)    

Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Social Determinants of Health
Received: 2019/08/18 | Accepted: 2019/12/22

1. Organization WH. The world health report 2001-Mental health: new understanding, new hope [Internet]. Geveva: World Health Organization; 2001 [cited 2019 Apr 30]. Available from: https://www.who.int/whr/2001/en/.
2. Sadeghi MR, Bagherzadeh Ladari R, Haghshenas M. A study of religious attitude and mental health in students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2010;20(75):71-5. [Persian]
3. Anasori M. The relationship between mental health and happiness among students. Andisheh va Raftar. 2008;2(6):75-84. [Persian]
4. Sabatini F. The relationship between happiness and health: evidence from Italy. Soc Sci Med. 2014;114:178-87.
5. Mousavi Moghadam SR, Tavan H, Sayehmiri K, Naderi S. General health status of male and female students in junior schools of ilam at 2012. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2012;22(2):57-65. [Persian]
6. Cilliers F, Terblanche L. The role of spirituality in coping with the demands of the hospital culture amongst fourth-year nursing students. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2014;26(3):279-88.
7. Chen S, Sullivan NY, Lu YE, Shibusawa T. Asian Americans and mental health services: A study of utilization patterns in the 1990s. J Ethn Cult Divers Soc Work. 2003;12(2):19-42.
8. Abedi MR, Mirshah Jafari SE, Liaghatdar MJ. Standardization of the oxford happiness inventory in students of isfahan university. Iranian J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2006;12(2):95-100. [Persian]
9. Argyle M, Martin M, Lu L. Testing for stress and happiness: The role of social and cognitive factors. In: Spielberger CD, Sarason IG, editors. Stress and emotion. Washington DC: Taylor & Francis; 1995. p. 173-87.
10. Gholamali Lavasani M, Rastgoo L, Azarniad A, Ahmadi T. The effect of happiness cognitive-behavioral training on self-efficacy beliefs and academic stress. J Cogn Strateg Learn. 2015;2(3):1-18. [Persian]
11. Siamian H, Naeimi OB, Shahrabi A, Hassanzadeh R, Abazari MR, Khademloo M, et al. The status of happiness and its association with demographic variables among the paramedical students. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;21(86):159-66. [Persian]
12. Henricksen A, Stephens C. The happiness-enhancing activities and positive practices inventory (HAPPI): Development and validation. J Happiness Stud. 2013;14(1):81-98.
13. Rajabi S, Abbasi Z. The epidemiology of migraine headaches and the efficacy of Fordyce's happiness training on reducing symptoms of migraine and enhancing happiness. Contemp Psychol. 2015;9(2):89-100. [Persian]
14. Jang HJ. Comparative study of health promoting lifestyle profiles and subjective happiness in nursing and non-nursing students. Adv Sci Technol Lett. 2016;128(7):78-82.
15. Lawrence EM, Rogers RG, Wadsworth T. Happiness and longevity in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2015;145:115-9.
16. Rodríguez-Pose A, Von Berlepsch V. Social capital and individual happiness in Europe. J Happiness Stud. 2014;15(2):357-86.
17. Pilkington P. Social capital and health: measuring and understanding social capital at a local level could help to tackle health inequalities more effectively. J Public Health Med. 2002;24(3):156-9.
18. Brooks K, Muyia Nafukho F. Human resource development, social capital, emotional intelligence: any link to productivity? J Eur Ind Train. 2006;30(2):117-28.
19. Goyal A, Akhilesh K. Interplay among innovativeness, cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence and social capital of work teams. Team Perform Manag. 2007;13(7/8):206-26.
20. Danchev A. Social capital and sustainable behavior of the firm. Ind Manag Data Syst. 2006;106(7):953-65.
21. Stam W, Arzlanian S, Elfring T. Social capital of entrepreneurs and small firm performance: A meta-analysis of contextual and methodological moderators. J Bus Ventur. 2014;29(1):152-73.
22. Hamidi Y, Barati M. Communication skills of heads of departments: verbal, listening, and feedback skills. J Res Health Sci. 2011; 11(2):91-6.
23. Hulley SB, Cummings S, Browner WS, Grady D, Newman TB. Designing clinical research : an epidemiologic approach. 4th Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013.
24. Moeini B, Shafii F, Hidarnia A, Babaii GR, Birashk B, Allahverdipour H. Perceived stress, self-efficacy and its relations to psychological well-being status in Iranian male high school students. Soc Behav Pers Int J. 2008;36(2):257-66.
25. Rafiei M, Mosavipour S, Aghanajafi M. Happiness, mental health, and their relationship among the students at Arak University of Medical Sciences in 2010. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2012;15(3):15-25. [Persian]
26. Taghavi S. Validity and reliability of the general health questionnaire (GHQ-28). J Psychol. 2002;5(4):381-98. [Persian]
27. Argyle M. The psychology of happiness. 2nd Edition. New York: Routledge; 2013.
28. Ghaffari GR, Ounagh N. The explanation of the relation between social capital and quality of life: case study gonbad kavoos city. Iranian J Soc Stud . 2006;1(1):159-99. [Persian]
29. Montazeri A, Omidvari S, Azin SA, Aeenparast A, Jahangiri K, Sadighi J, et al. Happiness Among Iranian Population: Findings From The Iranian Health Perception Survey (IHPS). Payesh. 2012;11(4):467-75. [Persian]
30. Moeini B, Barati M, Farhadian M, Ara MH. The association between social support and happiness among elderly in Iran. Korean J Fam Med. 2018;39(4):260-5.
31. Saffari M, Sanaeinasab H, Rashidi Jahan H, Purtaghi G, Pakpour A. Happiness, self-efficacy and academic achievement among students of baqiyatallah university of medical sciences. J Med Educ Dev. 2014;7(13):45-56. [Persian]
32. Yip W, Subramanian SV, Mitchell AD, Lee DT, Wang J, Kawachi I. Does social capital enhance health and well-being? Evidence from rural China. Soc Sci Med. 2007;64(1):35-49.
33. Taher Neshatdoust H, Kalantari M, Mehrabi HA, Palahang H, Nouri N. Predicting factors of happiness in Mobarekeh Steal. J Appl Soc. 2009;20(1):105-18. [Persian]
34. Kamran F, Ershadi K. Investigating the relationship between network social capital and mental health. Soc Res Q. 2009;2(3):29-54. [Persian]
35. Moeini B, Babamiri M, Mohammadi Y, Barati M, Rashidi S. Relationship between happiness and mental health status among high school female students: a descriptive-analytic study. Nurs Midwifery J. 2017;14(11):942-51. [Persian]
36. Moayed Saffari Z, Mahdoodi Zaman M, Amirsardari L, Hobbi E. Evaluation the relationship between gratitude, happiness and mental health among women in military families. Ebnesina. 2014;16(1-2):61-7. [Persian]
37. Kawamoto R, Doi T, Yamada A, Okayama M, Tsuruoka K, Satho M, et al. Happiness and background factors in community-dwelling older persons. Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi.1999;36(12):861-7. [Japanese]
38. Pennock M, Ura K. Gross national happiness as a framework for health impact assessment. Environ Impact Assess Rev. 2011;31(1):61-5.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb