Volume 7, Issue 4 (December 2020)                   J Educ Community Health 2020, 7(4): 247-255 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.AJUMS.REC.1397.944

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Heidarikia S, Araban M, Babaei Heydarabadi A, Latifi M. Investigating the Effect of Education Based on the Health Belief Model on Safe Behavior Preventing Children's Injuries in Mothers with under 5-Years Children. J Educ Community Health. 2020; 7 (4) :247-255
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-981-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, Public Health School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- “Department of Health Education and Promotion, Public Health School”, and “Social Determinant of Health Research Center”, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. , arabanm@ajums.ac.ir
3- “Department of Health Education and Promotion, Public Health School”, and “Social Determinant of Health Research Center”, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (535 Views)
Aims: Improving childrenchr('39')s health is one of the most important indicators of a communitychr('39')s health and preventing injuries in children requires safety. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of theory-based education (Health Belief Model) on motherschr('39') safety behavior in preventing injuries from pediatric accidents.
Materials & Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted with 220 mothers with children under 5 years old. The data collection tool was a questionnaire based on knowledge, Health Belief Model constructs, behavior, and home safety checklist that was completed before and after educational intervention in both control and test groups by a Self-Report Method. The educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model was performed in 3 sessions using feedback speech, group discussion, clip display, and images. Data were analyzed by SPSS 22 statistical software and Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, t, and Chi-Square tests.
Findings: The mean age and standard deviation of mothers were 28.50±5.20 years. There was a significant difference between the mean score of awareness, behavior, home safety and structural beliefs of the health belief model in the intervention group before and after the educational intervention (p<0.001) and in the control group between the mean score of perceived sensitivity and perceived barriers, behavior, home safety increased significantly. There was a significant difference in the score difference each of the variables before and after the intervention between the two groups.
Conclusion: The educational program designed based on the Health Belief Model is effective in improving motherschr('39') beliefs and enhancing the safety behavior of mothers in preventing childrenchr('39')s accidents.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 518 kb]   (701 Downloads)    

Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Injury Prevention
Received: 2020/03/12 | Accepted: 2020/06/20

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