Volume 2, Number 1 (Spring 2015)                   JECH 2015, 2(1): 29-37 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rimaz S, gharibnavaz H, Abolghasemi J, Seraji S. The Relationship of Different Dimensions of Social Support with Older Adults’ Quality Of Life in the 8th District of Tehran in 2013. JECH. 2015; 2 (1) :29-37
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-102-en.html

1- Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc, Deputy of Chancellor for Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hasangharibnavaz@yahoo.com
3- BSc, Deputy of Chancellor for Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2478 Views)

Background and Objectives: Older adults’ quality of life and factors affecting it such as social support are a major concern because they are among vulnerable groups and should receive different supports to ensure their quality of life. This study aimed to determine the relationship between social support and quality of life in the older adults living in the 8th district of Tehran. 

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 240 older adults living in the 8th district of Tehran. Participants were selected via cluster sampling method. We used LEIPAD quality of life questionnaire to measure the quality of life and Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire to evaluate social support. Data were analyzed in SPSS-20 using Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman’s correlation. 
Results: The mean score of quality life was 68.9 of 93 in men and 97.6 of 93 in women and this difference was not statistically significant (P=0.404). Education level had a significant effect on both quality of life and social support (P<0.05). Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between social support and some dimensions of the quality of life, e.g. physical, social and cognitive function (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Different dimensions of social support were higher in men than in women. Although the relationship between dimensions of social support on the overall quality of life score was not statistically significant, the significant relationship between dimensions of social support and dimensions of quality of life show that social support can impact quality of life.
Full-Text [PDF 416 kb]   (788 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/4 | Accepted: 2015/09/12

1. World Population Prospects, the 2015 Revision. Population Division Web Site; 2015 [Cited 10 August, 2015]; Available from: http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/
2. Iranian Statistic Center. Selected Findings of National Population and Housing Census 2011. Iranian Statistic Center Web Site; 2015 [Cited 10 August 2015]; Available from: http://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/1/Iran/data.pdf
3. World Population Aging 2007. Population Division Web Site; 2015 [Cited 5 August, 2015]; Available from :http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/ population/publications/pdf/ageing/WorldPopulation -AgeingReport2007.pdf
4. Zahmatkeshan N, Bagherzadeh R, Akaberian S, Yazdankhah MR, Mirzaei K, Yazdanpanah S, and et al. [Assessing Quality Of Life and related factors in Bushehrs elders–1387-8]. J Fasa Univ Med Sci.2012; 2(1):53-8. (Persian)
5. Alipoor F, Sajadi H, Foroozan A, Beiglarian A. [The role of social support in elderly quality on life]. Social Welfare Quarterly.2009; 8(33):147-65. (Persian)
6. Stanford ER, Fong C, Deborah LT. Assessing changes in life skills and quality of life resulting from rehabilitation services. Journal of Rehabilitation.2003; 69(3):4-9.
7. Nabaiee B, Safizadeh H, Halaji Z. [A study concerning quality of life among patients with Psoriasis compared with general population]. Iranian Journal of Dermatology.2002; 5(19):15-21. (Persian)
8. Park K. Park's textbook of preventive and social medicine. 23rd. India: Bhanot publisher; 2015, pp:14-43.
9. Mohaqeqi Kamal H, Sajadi H, Zare H, Beiglarian A. [Elderly quality of life: A comparison between pensioners of social security organization and national retirement fund (Qom County, 2006)]. Journal of Health Administration.2007; 10(27):49-56. (Persian)
10. Bonomi AE, Patrick DL, Bushnell DM, Martin M. Validation of the United States' version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) instrument. J Clin Epidemiol.2000; 53(1):1-12.
11. Drageset J, Eide GE, Nygaard HA, Bondevik M, Nortvedt MW, Natvig GK. The impact of social support and sense of coherence on health-related quality of life among nursing home residents–a questionnaire survey in Bergen, Norway. Int J Nurs Stud.2009; 46(1):65-75.
12. Mizuno M, Kakuta M, Inoue Y. The effects of sense of coherence, demands of illness, and social support on quality of life after surgery in patients with gastrointestinal tract cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum.2009; 36(3):144-52.
13. Alipoor F, Sajjadi H, Foroozan A, Beiglarian A. [Quality of life in Tehran district 2 elders]. Salmand.2008; 3(3&4):75-83. (Persian)
14. Charyton C, Elliott JO, Lu B, Moore JL. The impact of social support on health related quality of life in persons with epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav.2009; 16(4):640-5.
15. Ke X, Liu C, Li N. Social support and quality of life: a cross-sectional study on survivors eight months after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. BMC Public Health.2010; 10(1):573.
16. Rambod M, Rafii F. Perceived social support and quality of life in Iranian hemodialysis patients. J Nurs Scholarsh.2010; 42(3): 242-9.
17. Cheng H, Sit JW, Chan CW, So WK, Choi KC, Cheng KK. Social support and quality of life among Chinese breast cancer survivors: findings from a mixed methods study. Eur J Oncol Nurs.2013; 17(6): 788-96.
18. Burgoyne R, Renwick R. Social support and quality of life over time among adults living with HIV in the HAART era. Soc Sci Med.2004; 58(7):1353-66.
19. Bishop M, Feist-price S. Quality of life assessment in the rehabilitation counseling relationship: Strategies and measures. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling.2002: 33(1):35-41.
20. Moosavi M, Mostafaiee A. [Analyzing Life Quality of Retired Elderly in Tehran (Focusing on formal and informal social support)]. Social Development & Welfare Planing.2011; 3(7):137-63. (Persian)
21. De Leo D, Diekstra RF, Lonnqvist J, Trabucchi M, Cleiren MH, Frisoni GB, and et al. LEIPAD , An internationally applicable instrument to access quality of life in elderly. Behav Med.1998; 24(1):17-27.
22. Sajadi H, Biglarian A. [Quality of life among elderly women in Kahrizak charity Foundation, Tehran, Iran]. Payesh.2007; 6(2):105-8. (Persian)
23. Norbeck JS, Lindsey AM, Carrieri VL. Further development of the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire: normative data and validity testing. Nurs Res.1983; 23(1):4-9.
24. Norbeck JS. Scoring instructions for the Norbeck social support questionnaire. USA: University of California; 1995.
25. Jalilian A. Validity and reliability of Social Support Persian version Questionnaire NORBECK in the student of university of social welfare & rehabilitation Tehran [MSc Thesis]. Tehran: Social Welfare & Rehabilitation University; 2008. (Persian)
26. Alipoor F, Sajjadi H, Foroozan A, Nabavi H, Khedmati E. [The role of social support in the anxiety and depression of elderly]. Salmand.2009; 4(1):53-61. (Persian)
27. Habibi A, Nikpour S, Seyedoshohadaei M, Haghani H. [Health promoting behaviors and its related factors in elderly]. Iran Journal of Nursing.2006; 19(47):35-48. (Persian)
28. Lee TW, Ko IS, Lee KJ. Health promotion behaviours and quality of life among community-dwelling elderly in Korea: a cross-sectional survey. Int J Nurs Stud.2006; 43(3):293-300.
29. Garousi S, Safizadeh H, Samadian F. [The study of relationship between social support and quality of life among elderly people in Kerman]. Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal.2012; 11(3):303-15. (Persian)
30. Hampton NZ. Social support and quality of life among elderly Chinese Americans/ Immigration with disabilities: an exploratory study. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling.2004; 35(2):17-24.
31. Spangler SL. The relationship between quality of life and social support among adolescent survivors of childhood cancers [PhD Thesis]. USA: Pepperdine University; 2009.
32. Bazrafshan MR, Hosseini MA, Rahgozar M, Maddah B. [Quality of elderly's life in Shiraz, Jahandidegan club]. Salmand.2008; 3(1):33-41. (Persian)
33. Khalesi M. Comparison of quality of life, educated and non-educated women employed in Qom [MSc thesis]. Tehran: University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences; 2009. (Persian)
34. Ghasemi H, Harirchi M, Masnavi A, Rahgozar M, Akbarian M. [Comparing the quality of life between seniors living in families and institutionalized in nursing home]. Social Welfare Quarterly.2010; 10(39):177-200. (Persian)
35. Heidarzadeh M, Hasani P, Rahimzadeh A, Ghahramanian A, Kolahdouzipour J, Yousef I. [Quality of life and social support in congestive heart failure patients and healthy people]. Holistic Nursing and Midwifery Journal.2013; 23(1):13-21. (Persian)
36. Helgeson VS. Social support and quality of life. Qual Life Res.2003; 12(1): 25-31.
37. Zamanzadeh V, Heidarzadeh M, Oshvandi KH, Lakdizji S. [Relationship between quality of life and social support in hemodialysis patients in Imam Khomeini and Sina Educational hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences]. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.2007; 29(3): 49-54. (Persian)

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb