Volume 3, Issue 2 (Summer 2016)                   J Educ Community Health 2016, 3(2): 32-40 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khalednejad M, Tavafian S, Niknami S. The Effect of Exercise Program on Low Back Pain Preventive Behaviors in Pregnant Females Referred to Health Centers of Karaj. J Educ Community Health. 2016; 3 (2) :32-40
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-209-en.html
1- Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , tavafian@Modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6392 Views)

Background and Objectives: Back pain is the most common pain in pregnancy. This research aimed at exploring the influence of exercise program training on behavior change that leads to back pain prevention in pregnant females.

Materials and Methods: This research was semi-experimental with pretest-post-test and control group research method, and included 120 pregnant females that referred to the Karaj Health Center. These females were selected randomly and divided to 2 groups, including control (60 persons) and intervention (60 persons). The research used 3 tools, the demographical questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and awareness and attitude questionnaire, in order to specify back pain preventive behavior. Data were then analyzed using SPSS 21 with the paired t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Tukey tests.

Results: There were significant differences between average awareness, attitude and preventive behaviors, and rate of back pain in the third trimester of pregnancy in the intervention group before and after the intervention (P >0.05). Also, there was a significant difference in the mentioned items between the intervention and control groups (P >0.05).

Conclusions: This research showed that the training intervention could improve awareness, attitude, and behavior of pregnant females in back pain prevention.

Persian Full-Text [PDF 237 kb]   (2333 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Physical Activity
Received: 2016/07/11 | Accepted: 2016/09/20

1. Ayanniyi O, Sanya AO, Ogunlade SO, Oni-Orisan MO. Prevalence and pattern of back pain among pregnant women attending ante-natal clinics in selected health care facilities. Afr J Biomed Res. 2009;9(3). [DOI]
2. Endresen EH. Pelvic pain and low back pain in pregnant women--an epidemiological study. Scand J Rheumatol. 1995;24(3):135-41. [PubMed]
3. Silva A. Preventing and managing back pain during pregnancy. 1st ed. USA: Expect Fitness publication; 2004.
4. Kelly-Jones A, McDonald G. Assessing musculoskeletal back pain during pregnancy. Prim Care Update for OB/GYNS. 1997;4(5):205-10. [DOI]
5. Sabino J, Grauer JN. Pregnancy and low back pain. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2008;1(2):137-41. [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Kristiansson P, Svardsudd K, von Schoultz B. Back pain during pregnancy: a prospective study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996; 21(6):702-9. [PubMed]
7. Gutke A, Ostgaard HC, Oberg B. Predicting persistent pregnancy-related low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33(12):E386-93. [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Tiran D, Mack S. Complementary therapies for pregnancy and childbirth. 2nd ed. London: Bailièrre Tindall،publication; 2000.
9. Vleeming A, Albert HB, Ostgaard HC, Sturesson B, Stuge B. European guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic girdle pain. Eur Spine J. 2008;17(6):794-819. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Kumle M, Weiderpass E, Alsaker E, Lund E. Use of hormonal contraceptives and occurrence of pregnancy-related pelvic pain: a prospective cohort study in Norway. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2004; 4(1): 11. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Berg G, Hammar M, Möller-Nielsen J, Lindén U, Thorblad J. Low Back Pain During Pregnancy. Obstetr Anesth Dig. 1988;8(2):53.
12. Wergeland E, Strand K. Work pace control and pregnancy health in a population-based sample of employed women in Norway. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1998;24(3):206-12. [PubMed]
13. Saccomanni B. Low back pain associated with pregnancy: a review of literature. Eur Orthop Traumatol. 2010;1(5):169-74. [DOI]
14. Ferreira CW, Alburquerque-Sendi NF. Effectiveness of physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and/or pelvic pain after delivery: a systematic review. Physiother Theory Pract. 2013;29(6):419-31. [PubMed]
15. Mogren IM, Pohjanen AI. Low back pain and pelvic pain during pregnancy: prevalence and risk factors. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005; 30(8): 983-91. [PubMed]
16. Gjestland K, Bo K, Owe KM, Eberhard-Gran M. Do pregnant women follow exercise guidelines? Prevalence data among 3482 women, and prediction of low-back pain, pelvic girdle pain and depression. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(8):515-20. [DOI] [PubMed]
17. Owe KM, Nystad W, Bo K. Correlates of regular exercise during pregnancy: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2009;19(5):637-45. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Gallo-Padilla D, Gallo-Padilla C, Gallo-Vallejo FJ, Gallo-Vallejo JL. [Low back pain during pregnancy. Multidisciplinary approach]. Semergen. 2016;42(6):e59-64. [DOI] [PubMed]
19. Ghasemzadeh S, Dadmanesh M, Safari A, Ebrahimi S. [The Study on the knowledge, attitude and function of gestated mother’s about gestational diabetes that referred to army khanvadeh hospital from 2005 to 2006]. J Army Univ. 2007;5(3):1325-30.
20. James D, Steer P, Weiner C, Gonik B. High risk pregnancy: Management options. 4th ed. Nottingham: Saunders publication; 2006.
21. Pennick V, Liddle SD. Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013; 8: CD001139. [DOI] [PubMed]
22. Garshasbi A, Faghih Zadeh S. The effect of exercise on the intensity of low back pain in pregnant women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005; 88(3): 271-5. [DOI]
23. Stuge B, Hilde G, Vollestad N. Physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain: a systematic review. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003;82(11):983-90. [PubMed]
24. Yan CF, Hung YC, Gau ML, Lin KC. Effects of a stability ball exercise programme on low back pain and daily life interference during pregnancy. Midwifery. 2014;30(4):412-9. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Emami Afshar N. [Antenatal education and preparation for childbirth]. 7th ed. Tehran: Peghvak Arman publication; 2014.
26. Stafne SN, Salvesen KA, Romundstad PR, Stuge B, Morkved S. Does regular exercise during pregnancy influence lumbopelvic pain? A randomized controlled trial. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012;91(5):552-9. [DOI] [PubMed]
27. Sedaghati P, Agha-Alinejad H, Arjomand A. [Effect of regular physical activity on the decrement of back pain and weight change of the pregnancy period]. Olympic. 2006;13(4):51-60.
28. Mohseni-Bandpei M, Ahmadshirvani M, Fakhri M, Rahmani N. [The Effect of an exercise program and ergonomic advices on treatment of pregnancy-related low back pain: A randomized controlled clinical trial]. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2010;20(77):10-9.
29. Granath AB, Hellgren MS, Gunnarsson RK. Water aerobics reduces sick leave due to low back pain during pregnancy. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2006;35(4):465-71. [DOI] [PubMed]
30. Ozdemir S, Bebis H, Ortabag T, Acikel C. Evaluation of the efficacy of an exercise program for pregnant women with low back and pelvic pain: a prospective randomized controlled trial. J Adv Nurs. 2015; 71(8):1926-39. [DOI] [PubMed]
31. Liddle SD, Pennick V. Interventions for preventing and treating lowback and pelvic pain during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015(9): CD001139. [DOI] [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb