Volume 3, Issue 2 (Summer 2016)                   JECH 2016, 3(2): 54-61 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Fathi Y, Moeini B, Bazvand A, Barati M, Roshanaei G. The Effectiveness of Educational Program Based on Theory of Planned Behavior on Preventing and Decreasing Tobacco Smoking Among Post-secondary Students. JECH. 2016; 3 (2) :54-61
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-212-en.html
1- MSc, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , babak_moeini@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4- Associate Professor, Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (2078 Views)

Background and Objectives: Tobacco smoking has increased among youth in recent years. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of educational programs on prevention of tobacco smoking among post-secondary students in Lorestan, Iran based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB).

Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 126 male students were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups in Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, west of Iran. Data was collected using a questionnaire, including the TPB constructs and demographic variables. The intervention comprised four sessions, applied on the experimental group during one month. Both groups were followed for three months after the intervention. Data were then analyzed in SPSS 18 using chi-squared, independent t-test, paired t-test and McNemar.

Results: After the educational intervention, significant differences were observed in average scores of attitude, subjective norms and behavioral intention, between the experimental and control groups (P <0.05). Results also showed that there was a significant difference in tobacco and hookah smoking rates between students in the experimental and control groups after performing the educational program (P <0.05).

Conclusions: Implementing the TPB-directed instructional sessions resulted in preventing and decreasing tobacco smoking in the students.

Full-Text [PDF 158 kb]   (620 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/18 | Accepted: 2017/05/10

References
1. Jalilian F, Karami Matin B, Ahmadpanah M, Ataee M, Ahmadi Jouybari T, Eslami AA, et al. Socio-demographic characteristics associated with cigarettes smoking, drug abuse and alcohol drinking among male medical university students in Iran. J Res Health Sci. 2015;15(1):42-6.
2. Heidarnia A, Barati M, Niknami S, Allahverdipour H, Bashirian S. [Effect of a web-based educational program on prevention of tobacco smoking among male adolescents: an application of Prototype Willingness Model]. J Educ Commun Health. 2016;3(1):1-11.
3. Bashirian S, Hidarnia A, Allahverdipour H, Hajizadeh E. Application of the theory of planned behavior to predict drug abuse related behaviors among adolescents. J Res Health Sci. 2012;12(1):54-60.
4. Gu D, Wu X, Reynolds K, Duan X, Xin X, Reynolds RF, et al. Cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in China: the international collaborative study of cardiovascular disease in Asia. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(11):1972-6.
5. Stanton WR. DSM-III-R tobacco dependence and quitting during late adolescence. Addict Behav. 1995;20(5):595-603.
6. Bashirian S, Barati M, Mohammadi Y, Mostafaei H. Factors Associated with Hookah Use among Male High School Students: The Role of Demographic Characteristics and Hookah User and Non-User Prototypes. J Res Health Sci. 2016;16(4):217-23.
7. Barbnov S. [The epidemiological characteristic of tobacco smoking]. Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;8:27-9.
8. Ramlau R, Didkowska J, Wojciechowska U, Tarkowski W. [Tobacco smoking in Wielkopolska towards the end of 20th century]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 2005;73(2):128-34.
9. Ramezani T, Ghovari F, Mohammadalizadeh S, Rabani M, Bahrampour M. [Cigarette smoking Prevalence and causes among students of Kerman universities]. J Qual Res Health Sci. 2010;10(1):1-6.
10. Poyrazoglu S, Sarli S, Gencer Z, Gunay O. Waterpipe (narghile) smoking among medical and non-medical university students in Turkey. Ups J Med Sci. 2010;115(3):210-6.
11. Taraghijah S, Hamdiye M, Yaghubi M. [Predictor factors of smoking and hookah use in governmental universities]. Res Med. 2011; 34(4): 249-56.
12. Glanz K, Rimer B, Viswanath K. Health behavior and health education: theory, research, and practice. 8th ed. San Francisco: John Wiley &Sons; 2008.
13. Karimy M, Niknami S, Heidarnia A, Hajizadeh I. [Preventing tobacco use among Iranian male adolescents: an application of the Theory of Planned Behavior]. Payesh. 2013;12(4):423-31.
14. Abedini S, MorowatiSharifabad M, Chaleshgar Kordasiabi M, Ghanbarnejad A. Predictors of non- hookah smoking among high-school students based on prototype/willingness model. Health Promot Perspect. 2014;4(1):46-53.
15. Tavousi M, Heidarnia A, Montazeri A, Taromian F, Ahmadi M. [A theory based intervention: effect on substance abuse prevention in adolescents]. Payesh. 2011;10(1):91-9.
16. Barati M, Allahverdipour H, Moeini B, Farhadinasab A, Mahjub H. [Evaluation of theory of planned behavior-based education in prevention of MDMA (ecstasy) use among university students]. Med J Tabriz Univ Med Sci. 2011;33(3):20-9.
17. Caron F, Godin G, Otis J, Lambert LD. Evaluation of a theoretically based AIDS/STD peer education program on postponing sexual intercourse and on condom use among adolescents attending high school. Health Educ Res. 2004;19(2):185-97.
18. Barati M, Allahverdipour H, Moeini B, Farhadinasab A, Mahjoub H, Jalilian F. [Assertiveness skills training efficiency on college students’ persuasive subjective norms against substance abuse]. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci. 2011;10(3):40-9.
19. Botvin GJ, Baker E, Dusenbury L, Tortu S, Botvin EM. Preventing adolescent drug abuse through a multimodal cognitive-behavioral approach: Results of a 3-year study. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1990;58(4):437-46.
20. Jafari M, Shahidi S, Abedin A. Comparing the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Stages of Change Model on Improving Abstinence Self-Efficacy in Iranian Substance Dependent Adolescents. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2012;6(2):7-15.
21. Barati M, Allahverdipour H, Moeini B, Farhadinasab A, Mahjoub H, Jalilian F. [Evaluation of problem solving skills training (PSST) on college students’ perceived behavioral control against psychoactive drug abuse]. Toloo-e-Behdasht. 2011;10(2):81-93.
22. Bashirian S, Haidarnia A, Allahverdipour H, Hajizadeh E. [Application of theory of planned behavior in predicting factors of substance abuse in adolescents].J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2012;2(3):156-62.
23. Mohammadkhani S, Fati L, Kazemzadeh M. [Practical guide to life skills training workshops: special student]. 1st ed. Tehran: Danzheh Publications; 2006.
24. Gerrard M, Gibbons FX, Brody GH, Murry VM, Cleveland MJ, Wills TA. A theory-based dual-focus alcohol intervention for preadolescents: the Strong African American Families Program. Psychol Addict Behav. 2006;20(2):185-95.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb