Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2017)                   J Educ Community Health 2017, 4(2): 44-54 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khalilipour M, Panahi R. Effect of Education on Promoting Preventive Behaviors of Premenstrual Syndrome in Female Adolecents: Health Belief Model Application. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 4 (2) :44-54
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-253-en.html
1- MSc, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Science and Resarch Branch, Islamic Azad Univercity, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc, Department of Health Education, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1912 Views)

Background and Objective: Premenstrual syndrome reduces the quality of life as well as social and academic performance in adolecents and young women. Given the importance of the preservation of the female adolecents' health status, this study aimed to determine the effect of education, which is based on health belief model, on the promotion of preventive behaviors for premenstrual syndrome among the female adolecents.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 120 female adolecents assigned into the experimental and control groups (n=60 in each group). The study population was selected through multistage sampling method. Data collection was performed using a demographic form and a researcher-made questionnaire, enquiring the knowledge, behavior, and health belief model components. The educational intervention consisted of four lecture sessions of 45-60 min. The data were analyzed using the independent t-test, paired t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and Chi-square tests in SPSS software, version16.
Results: Prior to the intervention, there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of demographic and underlying characteristics, knowledge, preventive behaviors, and all components of the health belief model (P>0.05). However, a significant difference was observed between the two groups following the intervention regarding the mean score of knowledge, all components of health belief model, and preventive behaviors (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The implementation of education based on the health belief model was effective in the adoption of preventive behaviors for premenstrual behavior. Given the importance of the female adolecents' health as future mothers and the low cost of health education activities, it seems necessary to develop these programs.

Full-Text [PDF 1282 kb]   (416 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/04/23 | Accepted: 2017/08/26

References
1. Bianchi-Demicheli F, Lüdicke F, Lucas H, Chardonnens D. Premenstrual dysphonic disorder: current status of treatment. Swiss Med Wkly. 2002;132(39-40):574-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Connolly M. Premenstrual syndrome: an update on definitions, diagnosis and management. Adv Psychiat Treat. 2001;7(6):469-77. [DOI]
3. Berek JS, Novak E. Berek and Novak's gynecology. 14th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.
4. Kaplan BW. Sadock’s comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
5. Nisar N, Zehra N, Haider G, Munir AA, Sohoo NA. Frequency, intensity and impact of premenstrual syndromein medical students. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008;18(8):481-4. [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Silva CM, Gigante DP, Carret ML, Fassa AG. Population study of premenstrual syndrome. Rev Saude Publica. 2006;40(1):47-56. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Potter J, Bouyer J, Trussell J, Moreau C. Premenstrual syndrome prevalence and fluctuation over time: results from a French population-based survey. J Women Health (Larchmt). 2009;18(1):31-9. [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Freeman MP. Screening and treatment for women with mood disorders associated with reproductive events. J Clin Psychiatry. 2007;68(12):1946-64. [PubMed]
9. Fujii H, Sakai R, Masatsugu A, Ohta M, Matsumoto T, Doi T, et al. Case of premenstrual syndrome inducing monthly episodes of vesiculobullous eruptions on the face. J Dermatol. 2008;35(4):246-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Wittchen HU, Becker E, Lieb R, Krause P. Prevalence, incidence and stability of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in the community. Psychol Med. 2002;32(1):119-32. [PubMed]
11. Bakhshani N, Hasanzadeh Z, Raghibi M. Prevalence of premenstrual symptoms and premenstrual dysphonic disorder among adolescents students of Zahedan. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011;13(7):29-34. [Persian]
12. Balaha MH, Amr MA, Saleh Al Moghannum M, Saab Al Muhaidab N. The phenomenology of premenstrual syndrome in female medical students: A cross sectional study. Pan Afr Med J. 2010;5:4. [PubMed]
13. Milewicz A, Jedrzejuk D. Premenstrual syndrome: from etiology to treatment. Maturitas. 2006;55(Suppl 1):S47-54. [DOI]
14. Callet ME, Wertenbeger GE, Fiske VM. The effect of age upon the pattern of the menstrual cycle. Fertil Steril. 1954;5(5):437-48. [PubMed]
15. Indusekhar R, Usman SB, O'Brien S. Psychological aspects of premenstrual syndrome. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;21(2):207-20. [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Dickerson LM, Mazyck PJ, Hunter MH. Premenstrual syndromes. Am Fam Phys. 2003;67(8):1743-52. [PubMed]
17. Navabinejad S, Lotfi Kashani F. The effectiveness of group cognitive–behavioral instruction on decreasing physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Medi Sci J Islamic Azad Univ Tehran Med Branch. 2011;21(2):114-20. [Persian]
18. Armand A, Talaee A. Investigating the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral stress-management training on decreasing the psychological problems and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome of afflicted women. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil. 2012;15(21):24-31. [Persian]
19. Nourani Saadoldin S, Dadi Givshad R, Esmaily H, Sepehri Shamloo Z. Investigating the impact of life skills education on symptoms severity of premenstrual syndrome. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil. 2013;16(68):1-11. [Persian]
20. Rapkin AJ. New treatment approaches for premenstrual disorders. Am J Manag Care. 2005;11:480-91. [PubMed]
21. Antai AB, Udezi AW, Ekanem EE, Okon UJ, Umoiyoho AU. Premenstrual syndrome prevalence in students of the university of calabar, Nigeria. ‎Afr J Biomed Res. 2004; 7(2):45-50.
22. Masho SW, Adera T, South-Paul J. Obesity as a risk factor for premenstrual syndrome. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2005;26(1):33-9. [PubMed]
23. Aghazadeh Naeini A, Tamjidi A, Vallaei N. Epidemiologic study of premenstrual syndrome in 15-45 years old women in Tehran during the year 1995. Pejouhandeh. 1996;1(2):53-61. [Persian]
24. Saadati N. Relationship between attitudes towards menstruation with the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in nursing and midwifery students Tehran University of medical sciences. J Tehran Univ Med Sci. 1993;15(4):15-25. [Persian]
25. Azhari S, Karimi NC, Attarzadeh HS, Mazloom SA. Efficacy of group aerobic exercise program on the intensity of premenstrual syndrome. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil. 2005;8(2):119-28. [Persian]
26. Rahnavard Z, Mohammadi M, Rajabi F, Zolfaghari M. An educational intervention using health belief model on smoking preventive behavior among female teenagers. J Hayat. 2011;17(3):15-26. [Persian]
27. Mirzaei E. Health education and health promotion in textbook of public health. 1st ed. Tehran: Rakhshan; 2004. [Persian]
28. Sharma M. Theoretical foundations of health education and health promotion. London: Jones and Bartelett Learning international; 2012. P. 74-80.
29. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health behavior and health education: theory, research, and practice. 4th ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2008.
30. Karimi M, Zareban I, Montazeri A, Amin Shokravi F. The effect of training based on health belief model on preventive behaviors of unwanted pregnancy. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil. 2012;15(23):18-27. [Persian]
31. Moodi M, Norozi E, Rezaeian M, Mostafavi F, Sharifirad G. Comparing the effectiveness of three educational interventions based on health belief model on mammography screening behaviors in women above 40 years in Isfahan. Health Syst Res. 2013;9(4):385-94. [Persian]
32. Namdar A, Bigizadeh S, Naghizadeh MM. Measuring health belief model components in adopting preventive behaviors towards cervical cancer. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2012;2(1):34-44. [Persian]
33. Ghaffari M, Tavassoli E, Esmaeilzadeh A, Hasanzadeh A. The effect of education based on health belief model on the improvement of osteoporosis preventive nutritional behaviors of second grade middle school girls in Isfahan. Health Syst Res. 2010;6(4):714-29. [Persian]
34. Whitehead D, Wang Y, Wang J, Zhang J, Sun Z, Xie C. Health promotion and health education practice: nurses' perceptions. J Adv Nurs. 2008;61(2):181-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
35. Shojaezadeh D, Naeimi M, Noori K, Khalili Z, Haghverdi A. Survey of the effect of education based on the health belief model (HBM) on knowledge, perception and performance about having breakfast of primary school student boys. J Health. 2015;6(2):144-53. [Persian]
36. Peyman N, Mahdizadeh M, Mahdizadeh M. Evaluation of education in promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors among adolescent girls, according to the health belief model. J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2014;21(1):164-74. [Persian]
37. Alizadeh Siuki H, Jadgal K, Shamaeian Razavi N, Zareban I, Heshmati H, Saghi N. Effects of health education based on health belief model on nutrition behaviors of primary school students in Torbate Heydariyeh city in 2012. J Health. 2013;5(4):289-99. [Persian]
38. Tavassoli E, Reisi M, Javadzade H, Mazaheri M, Gharlipour Z, Ghasemi S, et al. The effect of the health belief model-based education & improvement of consumption of fruits and vegetables: an interventional study. J Health Field. 2013;1(2):29-35. [Persian]
39. Karimy M, Hasani M, Khorram R, Gafari M, Niknami S. The effect of education, based on health belief model on breast self- examination in health liaisons of Zarandieh city. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2010;10(4):281-89. [Persian]
40. Jadgal KM, Zareban I, Rakhshani F, Alizade Siouki H, Lotfi Mayen Boulagh B, Hajilou E. The effect of health education based on health belief model on preventive behavior of unwanted pregnancy among Chabahar women. J Health. 2015;5(3):191-202. [Persian]
41. Gharlipour Z, Hazavehei MM, Moeini B, Nazari M, Moghimbeygi A. Effectiveness of educational program on promotion of smoking preventive behaviors in adolescences. Health Syst Res. 2013;9(4):354-61. [Persian]
42. Rakhshani F, Abdolatif E, Charkazi A, Haftsavar M, Shahnazi H, Jan EA. Effect of education on smoking prevention in students of Zahedan. Health Syst Res. 2010;6(2):267-75. [Persian]
43. Kim K, Chung M. Implementation and evaluation of nutrition education program for children. J Sch Health. 2008; 78(4):216-22.
44. Shim E, Kim JS, Ji SM, Sohn TY, Hwang J, Chung EJ. The effects of a nutrition and body shape education program as part of health promoting projects in an elementary school. Korean J Nutr. 2010;43(4):382-94.
45. Friel S, Kelleher C, Campbellp N, Nolan G. Evaluation of the nutrition education at primary school program. Public Health Nutr. 1999;2(4):549-55. [DOI]
46. Amini A, Tavousi M, Niknami S. The impact of an educational intervention on nutritional preventive behaviors in osteoporosis among adolescent girls. Payesh. 2014; 13(5):609-19. [Persian]
47. Vi Vo HT. Effects of an educational intervention on breast cancer screening and early detection in Vietnams American women. [PhD Dissertation]. Texas, USA: Texas University, College of Nursing; 2006. P. 125-70.
48. Shakiba S, Shojaeizadeh D, Sadeghi R, Azam K. The effectiveness of educational intervention based on the health belief model on eating style and the severe reduction of menstrual pain among clinical personnel of the Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2016;4(2):158-68. [Persian] [DOI]
49. Pender NJ, Murdaugh CL, Parsons MA. Health promotion in nursing practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Parsons/Prentice Hall; 2006. P. 60-74.
50. Sharifirad GR, Hazavei SM, Hasanzadeh A, Danesh AA. The effect of health education based on health belief model on preventive actions of smoking in grade one, middle school students. Arak Med Univ J. 2007;10(1):79-86. [Persian]
51. Ahmadpoor H, Maheri A, Shojaizadeh D. Effectiveness of nutrition education based on health belief model during pregnancy on knowledge and attitude of women referred to health centers of Gonbad Kavoos city. J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci. 2014;3(2):52-60. [Persian]
52. Zamani AF, Faghihzadeh S, Sadeghi F. Application of the health belief model for unhealthy eating prevention among primary school children in Arak/Iran (2004-2005). J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2007;11(4):352-67. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb