Volume 3, Number 3 (Autumn 2016)                   J Educ Community Health 2016, 3(3): 37-44 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.21859/jech-03036

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Khani Jeihooni A, Eskandarzadeh N, Dehghan A, Khiyali Z, Bahmandoost M. Investigation of the Performance of Foot and Eye Care in Patients with Type II Diabetes in Fasa: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. J Educ Community Health. 2016; 3 (3) :37-44
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-254-en.html

1- Assistant Professor, Department of Public health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
2- MD, Department of Medicine, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Cohort Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
4- MSc, Department of Public health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. , khiyaliz@yahoo.com
5- BSc, Department of Public health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Abstract:   (903 Views)
Background and Objectives: Diabetic foot ulcers and eye problems are the most frequent complications of patients with diabetes and can be controlled with care. This study aimed at investigating the situation of foot and eye care in patients with type II diabetes based on the Theory of Planned Behavior of Fasa.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, simple randomized sampling was used to select 151 patients with type II diabetes, who had referred to Shariati Teaching Hospital diabetic clinic, during year 2016. Data were gathered using a questionnaire including demographic data and measure theory of planned behavior (attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and intention) and the care of feet and eyes. Next, the data were entered in the SPSS statistical software, version 20 and analyzed using independent t test and descriptive statistical methods. P values of < 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean age of participants was 52.17±12.41 and the mean duration of diabetes was 76.62±4.9. Knowledge on the care of feet and eyes was low. Foot and eye care, subjective norm and people are going to be at a moderate level. Among knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and intention, there was a significant correlation with performance (P<0.05). Knowledge, attitudes, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, and intention were predictors of foot care and eye performance in patients with type 2 diabetes. Overall, variables predicted 31.6% of the performance of foot care and 28.4% of eye care.
Conclusions: According to this study, design and implementation of training programs theory centered on promoting foot care and eye performance is recommended for patients with diabetes.

 
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/08/25 | Accepted: 2016/12/14

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