Volume 4, Issue 1 (Spring 2017)                   J Educ Community Health 2017, 4(1): 12-19 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Karami-Matin B, Hosseini S N, Jalilian F. Social Cognitive Determinants of Patient Education Intention among Nurses. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 4 (1) :12-19
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-260-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah. Iran
2- Ministry of Health and Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah. Iran , f_jalilian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5389 Views)
Background and Objectives: Patient education is an important nursing duty. This practice is considered as one of the standards of nursing care quality, which plays an important role in the health promotion of the patients. Regarding this, the present study aimed to determine the predictors of behavioral intention of patient education among the nurses based on the theory of planned behavior.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 nurses working at teaching hospitals affiliated to Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. The study population was selected through cluster sampling with a probability proportional to size. The data were collected using self-report questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two parts, including items related to demographic data and theory of planned behavior regarding the intention of patient education. The data were analyzed using linear regression, Chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation in SPSS version 16. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control accounted for 35% of the variance in patient education behavioral intention among the nurses (R2=0.35), out of which attitude was the strongest predictor (ß=0.287). Furthermore, behavioral intention was significantly correlated with subjective norms (r=0.470, P<0.001), perceived behavioral control (r=0.384, P<0.001), and attitude (r=0.508, P<0.001).
Conclusion: As the findings indicated, attitude had a higher impact on the nurses’ behavioral intention of patient education. Therefore, it is suggested to pay more attention to this determinant.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 914 kb]   (1304 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/04/19 | Accepted: 2017/06/18

1. Meleis AI. Theoretical nursing: development and progress. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.
2. Tolooee M, Dehghan Nayery N, Faghihzadeh S, Sadooqi-Asl A. Motivational factors for nurses with patient education. Hayat. 2006;2(12):43-5. [Persian]
3. Ferguson B. Health literacy and health disparities the role they play in maternal and child health. Nurs Womens Health. 2008;12(4):288-98. [DOI] [PubMed]
4. Javadzade H, Sharifirad GH, Reisi M, Nasr Esfahani M, Mahaki B, Mostafavi F. Applying the theory of planned behavior to predicting nurse’s intention and behavior in using health literacy strategies in patient education. Iran J Nurs. 2015;28(97):23-33. [Persian]
5. Haddad M. Viewpoints of employed nurse’s in hospitals of Birjand city regarding existing barriers in patient education. Modern Care. 2011;8(3):152-8. [Persian]
6. Visser A, Wysmans M. Improving patient education by in-service communication training for health care providers at a cancer ward: communication climate, patient satisfaction and the need of lasting implementation. Patient Educ Couns. 2010;78(3):402-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. van Beek AP, Gerritsen DL. The relationship between organizational cultures of nursing staff and quality of care for residents with dementia: questionnaire surveys and systematic observations in nursing homes. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010;47(10):1274-82. [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Potter PA, Perry AG, Stockert P, Hall A, Peterson V. Clinical companion for fundamentals of nursing. New York: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2008.
9. Funderburk JS, Fielder RL, DeMartini KS, Flynn CA. Integrating behavioral healthservicesinto a university health center: Patient and provider satisfaction. Fam Syst Health. 2012;30(2):130-40. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Farouki Far M, Khafri S, MostafaZadehBora M., Alijanpour S. The importance of patient education: the attitude of nurses in the hospitals of Babol. Med Educ Babol Dev Center. 2015;3(1):59-65. [Persian]
11. Henderson A, Creedy D, Boorman R, Cooke M, Walker R. Development and psychometric testing of the clinical learning organizational culture survey (CLOCS). Nurse Educ Today. 2010;30(7):598-602. [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Jones JM, Papadakos J, Bennett C, Blacker S, Catton P, Harth T, et al. Maximizing your Patient Education Skills (MPES): a multi-site evaluation of an innovative patient education skills training course for oncology health care professionals. Patient Educ Couns. 2011;84(2):176-84. [DOI] [PubMed]
13. Kadda O, Marvaki C, panagiotakos D. The role of nursing education after a cardia event. Health Sci J. 2012;6(4):634-46.
14. Kok G. A practical guide to effective behavior change: how to apply theory-and evidence-based behavior change methods in an intervention. Eur Health Psychol. 2014;16(5):156-70.
15. Eldredge LK, Markham CM, Ruiter RA, Fernandez M, Kok G, Parcel GS. Planning health promotion programs: an intervention mapping approach. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2016.
16. Ajzen I. The theory of planned behavior. Organ Behav Hum Dec. 1991;50(2):179-211. [DOI]
17. Jalilian F, Joulaei H, Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Samannezhad B, Berimvandi P, Karami Matin B, et al. Cognitive factors related to cigarettes smoking among college students: an application of theory of planned behavior. Soc Sci. 2016;11(7):1189-93. [DOI]
18. Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Karami Matin B, Jalilian F, Hamzeh B, Haghighi M, Ahmadpanah M, et al. Relapse preventative intervention among Iranian addicts based on theory of planned behavior results. Res J Appl Sci. 2016;11(4):138-43. [DOI]
19. Jalilian F, Emdadi S. Factors related to regular undergoing Pap-smear test: application of theory of planned behavior. J Res Health Sci. 2011;11(2):103-8. [PubMed]
20. Armitage CJ, Conner M. Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour: a meta‐analytic review. Br J Soc Psychol. 2001;40(4):471-99. [PubMed]
21. Godin G, Kok G. The theory of planned behavior: a review of its applications to health-related behaviors. Am J Health Promot. 1996;11(2):87-98. [PubMed]
22. Godin G, Naccache H, Morel S, Ébacher MF. Determinants of nurses’ adherence to universal precautions for venipunctures. Am J Infect Control. 2000;28(5):359-64. [DOI] [PubMed]
23. Kam LY, Knott VE, Wilson C, Chambers SK. Using the theory of planned behavior to understand health professionals' attitudes and intentions to refer cancer patients for psychosocial support. Psychooncology. 2012;21(3):316-23. [DOI] [PubMed]
24. Quiros D, Lin S, Larson EL. Attitudes toward practice guidelines among intensive care unit personnel: a cross-sectional anonymous survey. Heart Lung. 2007;36(4):287-97. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Theodorou M, Tsiantou V, Pavlakis A, Maniadakis N, Fragoulakis V, Pavi E, et al. Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey. BMC Health Serv Res. 2009;9:150. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Gaither CA, Bagozzi RP, Ascione FJ, Kirking DM. A reasoned action approach to physicians' utilization of drug information sources. Pharm Res. 1996;13(9):1291-8. [PubMed]
27. Mataji Amirrood M, Taghdisi MH, Gohari MR, Shidfar F. The role of eating attitude on obesity-related eating behavior in overweight and obese women of Urmia in 2012. J Payavard Salamat. 2015;8(6):464-77. [Persian]
28. Khezerloo S, Salehmoghaddam A, Mazloom SR. Assessment of nurses professional roles in hospitals affiliated to Mashhad university of medical sciences. Hakim Res J. 2013;15(4):346-51. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb