Volume 4, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017)                   J Educ Community Health 2017, 4(3): 44-51 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ajam A A, Moradi M. Relationship between Self-Compassion and Health Literacy in First Grade High School Students in Gonabad City. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 4 (3) :44-51
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-317-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Iran. , aliakbarajam1387@gmail.com
2- MSc, Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Iran.
Abstract:   (1397 Views)
Background and Objective: Individuals who are aware of the positive effects of kindness use it as a means for maintaining and controlling their health. We performed this study to investigate the relationship between self-compassion and health literacy in first grade high school students in Gonabad, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive correlational study was conducted in 351 male and female first grade high school students in Gonabad, Iran, in 2017. The participants were recruited via the stratified random sampling method. A self-report compassion questionnaire and health literacy questionnaire were used for data collection. Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression, independent t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test were run for data analysis using SPSS, version 20.
Results: The mean scores of health literacy and self-compassion were 77.11±17.41 and 71.6±12.9, respectively. The results showed a significant positive correlation between the students' health literacy and self-compassion (r=0.311, P<0.01). We found a significant difference in the level of health literacy between the male and female students (P=0.011). However, there was no significant difference in the level of compassion between the male and female students (P=0.109).
Conclusion: This study demonstrated a significant relationship between self-compassion and health literacy. Therefore, to prevent the imposition of heavy costs and develop a culture of promoting health literacy, we recommend broadcasting audio and video programs, distributing educational flyers, as well as holding training courses and workshops.
Full-Text [PDF 570 kb]   (253 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Literacy
Received: 2017/07/29 | Accepted: 2017/12/20

1. Lockard AJ, Hayes JA, Neff K, Locke BD. Self‐compassion among college counseling center clients: an examination of clinical norms and group differences. J Coll Counsel. 2014;17(3):249-59. [DOI]
2. Khosravi S, Sadeghi M, Yavandeh MR. The psychometric sufficiency of self-compassion scale. J Psychol Methods Models. 2013;3(13):47-58. [Persian]
3. Shahbazi M, Rajabi GH, Moghami E, Jelodari A. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Persian version of the self-compassion rating scale-revised.J Psychol Methods Models. 2015;6(19):31-46. [Persian]
4. Rostami M, Abdi M, Heidari H. Correlation of childhood maltreatment, self-compassion and mental health in married people. J Fundamen Mental Health. 2014;16(62):41-130. [Persian]
5. Rostami M, Ghazalfloo M, Mohammadlu H, Ghorbanian A. The role of self-compassion, and self-identity in mental health. J Educ Counsel Psychother. 2015;4(15):30-44. [Persian]
6. Momeni A, Shahidi S, Mootabi A, Heidari M. Psychometric properties of a Farsi version of self-compassion scale (SCS). Contempor Psychol. 2013;8(2):27-40. [Persian]
7. Saeedi Z, Ghorbani N, Sarafraz MR, Sharifian MH. The effect of inducing self-compassion and self-esteem on the level of the experience of shame and guilt. Contempor Psychol. 2013;8(1):91-102. [Persian]
8. Javadzade SH, Mostafavi F, Reisi M, Mahaki B, Nasr Esfahani M, Sharifirad G. Relationship between knowledge and implementing health literacy strategies in patient education. Milit Car Sci. 2015;2(1):33-40. [Persian]
9. Izadirad H, Zarban I. Relationship between health literacy and general health status, preventive behaviors and utilization of health services in Balochistan region. J Educ Community Health. 2015; 2(3):43-50. [Persian]
10. Afshari M, Khazaee S, Bahrami M, Marathi H. Investigating Adult Health Literacy in Tuyserkan City. J Educ Community Health. 2014;1(2):48-55. [Persian] [DOI]
11. Ghanbari S, Majlisi F, Ghaffari M, Mahmodi Majdabadi M. Evaluation of health literacy of pregnant women in urban health centers of Shahid Beheshti Medical University. Daneshvar Med. 2012;19(97):1-12. [Persian]
12. Montazeri A, Tavousi M, Rakhshani F, Azin SA, Jahangiri K, Ebadi M, et al. Health Literacy for Iranian Adults (HELIA): development and psychometric properties. Payesh. 2014;13(5):589-99. [Persian]
13. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Osmani F, Ghazanfari E, Niknami S. Evaluation of health literacy and its influencing factors on dormitory students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. J Educ Community Health. 2016;3(3):30-6. [Persian] [DOI]
14. Haeri MA, Tavousi M, Rafieifar S, Soleimanian A, Sarbandi F, Ardestani MS, et al. Health literacy for Iranian adults (Helia): the confirmatory factor analysis. Payesh. 2015; 15(3):251-7. [Persian]
15. Ghanbari S, Ramezankhani A, Mehrabi Y, Montazeri A. The health literacy measure for adolescents (HELMA): development and psychometric evaluation. Payesh. 2015; 15(4):387-402. [Persian]
16. Zareban I, Izadirad H, Arazban M. Psychometric evaluation of adult health literacy assessment questionnaire (HELIA) in urban population of Balochistan. Payesh. 2016;15(6):669-76. [Persian]
17. Khosravi A, Ahmadzadeh K. Investigating health literacy level of patients referred to Bushehr hospitals and recognizing its effective factors. Iran South Med J. 2016;18(6):1245-53. [Persian]
18. Mollakhalili H, Papi A, Zare-Farashbandi F, Sharifirad G, HasanZadeh A. A survey on health literacy of inpatient's educational hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2012. J Educ Health Promot. 2012;11(4):464-73. [Persian]
19. Tol A, Pourreza A, Rahimi Foroshani A, Tavassoli E. Assessing the effect of educational program based on small group on promoting knowledge and health literacy among women with type2 diabetes referring to selected hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Razi J Med Sci. 2012;19(104):10-9. [Persian]
20. Reisi M, Javadzade SH, Mostafavi F, Sharifirad G, Radjati F, Hasanzade A. Relationship between health literacy, health status, and healthy behaviors among older adults in Isfahan, Iran. J Educ Health Promot. 2012;1(1):31. [DOI]
21. Saeedi Z, Victim N, Sarafaraz MR, Sharifian MH. The relationship of self-compassion, self-worth, and self-conscious excitement. J Res Psychol Health. 2012;6(3):1-9. [Persian]
22. Noorbala F, Borjali A, Noorbala AA. The interaction effect between “self-compassion” and “rumination” of depressed patients in “compassion focused therapy”. Daneshvar Med. 2013;20(104):77-84. [Persian]
23. Neff KD, Whittaker T, Karl A. Evaluating the factor structure of the self-compassion scale in four distinct populations: Is the use of a total self-compassion score justified? J Personal Assessment. 2017;99(6):596-607. [DOI]
24. Ajam AA, Farzanfar J, Shokouhi Fard H. The study role of self-compassion in the general health and academic achievement of the nursing and midwifery students Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2014. J Nurs Educ. 2011;5(5):9-16. [Persian] [DOI]
25. Smeets E, Neff K, Alberts H, Peters M. Meeting suffering with kindness: effects of a brief self-compassion intervention for female college students. J Clin Psychol. 2014;70(9):794-807. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Sørensen K, Van den Broucke S, Fullam J, Doyle G, Pelikan J, Slonska Zofia, et al. Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:80. [DOI] [PubMed]
27. Sheridan SL, Halpern DJ, Viera AJ, Berkman ND, Donahue KE, Crotty K. Interventions for individuals with low health literacy: a systematic review. J Health Communication. 2011;16(Supple 3):30-54. [DOI]
28. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Koosehloo A, Niknami S. Relationship of health literacy with knowledge and attitude toward the harms of cigarette smoking among University students. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 3(4):38-44. [Persian] [DOI]
29. Ziapoor A, Kianipoor N. Predicting health literacy of students in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016: the role of demographic variables. J Health Literacy. 2016;1(3):182-90. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb