Volume 1, Number 2 (Summer 2014)                   JECH 2014, 1(2): 56-66 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.20286/jech-010256

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Moeini B, Rezapur-Shahkolai F, Faradmal J, Soheylizad M. Effect of an Educational Program Based on the Health Belief Model to Reduce Cell Phone Usage During Driving in Taxi drivers. JECH. 2014; 1 (2) :56-66
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-33-en.html

1- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4- MSc, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran., Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , m.soheylizad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4572 Views)

Introduction: Cell phone usage during driving has become a threat to traffic safety. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of an educational program based on the health belief model to reduce cell phone usage during driving in taxi drivers of Tuyserkan. 

Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 taxi drivers younger than 35 years were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups in Tuyserkan, Iran. Data was collected using a questionnaire including the health belief model constructs, knowledge, behaviors of using cell phone and demographic variables. The questionnaires were self-reported. Intervention was three sessions applied in the experimental group. Both groups were followed for two months after the intervention. Finally, data analysis was performed using SPSS- 19 by Chi-square, Independent T-test, Paired T-test and McNemar. 
Results: The mean scores for the constructs of health belief model (perceived susceptibility, severity, barriers, perceived benefits, self-efficacy and cues to action), knowledge and desired behaviors about the use of cell phone during driving showed no significant differences between the two groups before the intervention. After the educational intervention, significant differences were observed in experimental group compared to control group. After educational intervention, cell phone usage reduced by 35.14% in the experimental group. 
Conclusion: An educational intervention based on the health belief model could reduce cell phone usage during driving in taxi drivers.
Full-Text [PDF 761 kb]   (1157 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/6 | Accepted: 2014/10/12

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