Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   JECH 2018, 4(4): 56-64 | Back to browse issues page

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Najafi M, Baseri A. The Relationship Between Perceived Social Support and Self-actualization With Life Expectancy in the Elderly in Tehran. JECH. 2018; 4 (4) :56-64
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-378-en.html
1- MSc, Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran , Ahmadbas@gmail.com
Abstract:   (593 Views)
Background and Objectives: Given that the elderly population is increasing in recent years in Iran, studying their life expectancy and its related factors is necessary. So, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived social support and self-actualization with life expectancy in elderly of Tehran city.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted on 200 elderly (nursing home residents and non-residents) of Tehran. The participants were selected using the convenience sampling method. Maslow self-actualization, Miller life expectancy and Norbeck perceived social support questionnaires were used for collecting data. Then, the data were analyzed by using Pearson correlation and regression analysis by the SPSS software (version 20).
Results: Results of this study showed that there was a significantly positive relationship between perceived social support and life expectancy, self-actualization and life expectancy, as well as self-actualization and perceived social support in the elderly of Tehran (P < 0.05). Also, the results of regression analysis showed that perceived social support and self-actualization had a positive effect on life expectancy. The results also revealed that the effect of perceived social support on life expectancy in nursing home residents was more than in non-resident ones. Moreover, the effect of self-actualization on life expectancy in non-resident elderly was more than in nursing home residents (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that providing suitable grounds for quality improvement, and promotion and creating perceived social support and self-actualization in the elderly can enhance their life expectancy.
Full-Text [PDF 320 kb]   (88 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/17 | Accepted: 2018/01/5

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