Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   J Educ Community Health 2018, 4(4): 4-12 | Back to browse issues page


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Khani Jeihooni A, Ghaedi R, Kashfi S M, Khiyali Z. Effect of Education Based on the Health Belief Model in the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Couples Participating in Premarriage Training Classes. J Educ Community Health. 2018; 4 (4) :4-12
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-412-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
2- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. , khiyaliz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1343 Views)
Background and Objective: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the community. Implementing health education interventions is the best strategy available to promote sexual health. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of STDs prevention training in couples based on the health belief model (HBM) in Fasa, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 70 couples presenting to Fasa health centers in 2016. The participants were randomly assigned to a case or control group (n=35 per group). The study data were collected using a standard questionnaire including demographic variables, the HBM constructs, and couples’ performance in the prevention of STDs, which was completed by both groups before and three months post-intervention. The educational intervention included four 50 to 55-minute sessions in the form of group discussions, as well as questions and answers with educational images. To analyze the data, Chi-square test, independent t-test, and paired t-test were run in SPSS, version 22.  
Results: The mean age of the participants in the intervention and control groups were 27.02±5.53 and 25.14±4.45 years, respectively. The mean scores of all the HBM constructs and the level of performance of the couples in preventing STDs increased in the intervention group after the intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that designing and implementing educational programs based on the HBM can be effective in prevention of STDs and promotion of sexual health.
Persian Full-Text [PDF 260 kb]   (256 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Sexual Health
Received: 2017/12/18 | Accepted: 2018/03/20

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