Volume 5, Issue 2 (September 2018)                   J Educ Community Health 2018, 5(2): 74-86 | Back to browse issues page

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Hasan Pour H R, Razavi B. The Importance of Corruption Prevention and Its Impact on Social Health. J Educ Community Health. 2018; 5 (2) :74-86
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-591-en.html
1- , salman.khazaei61@gmail.com
Abstract:   (163 Views)
Background and Objective: Corruption is one of the major obstacles to achieving progress and development in the communities and countries. Understanding the phenomenon of corruption, types and measurement parameters and negative consequences of corruption in various aspects of political, administrative, social and economic fields may help strategies to fight with corruption. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the role of prevention of corruption and its impact on social health.
Materials and Methods: This study was carried out using a documentary and library method in 2018. In this study, definitions and various categories of corruption, the general outlook of the concept of corruption and its various types and its consequences from different aspects and relying on social health were discussed.
Results: Corruption has consequences such as waste of national resources, weakening incentives, preventing competition growth, increasing transaction costs, poverty, poor health, low life expectancy, unequal distribution of income and wealth, inappropriate use of domestic and foreign resources, and lack of possibility of institutional reform.
Conclusion: Given the wide-ranging outcomes and consequences of corruption in regard of political, social and economic in society, it is recommended to adopt efficient strategies to combat with corruption and prevent its spreads.
     
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Social Determinants of Health
Received: 2018/06/3 | Accepted: 2018/09/16

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