Volume 2, Issue 1 (Spring 2015)                   J Educ Community Health 2015, 2(1): 38-49 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kabodi S, Hazavehei M M, Rahimi M, Roshanaei G. Application of BASNEF Model in Analyzing Self-Treatment Behavior among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in 2014. J Educ Community Health. 2015; 2 (1) :38-49
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-67-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Research Center for Health Sciences and Department of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , hazavehei@umsha.ac.ir
3- School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4- Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center and Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (7850 Views)

Background and Objectives: Self-treatment in diabetes can change blood sugar levels and cause life-threatening complications in patients. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the application of BASNEF Model in analyzing self-treatment Behavior among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on patients with type II diabetes presenting to Kermanshah Diabetes Center in 2014. The patients were randomly selected and recruited. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data and measure constructs of BASNEF model. Data were analyzed in SPSS-16 using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis Chi-square and logistic regression tests.

Results: Of the participants, 50.5% possessed self-treatment behaviors. According to the results, BASNEF model explained 24 percent of the variance in frequency of self-treatment behaviors. Attitudes, subjective norms, and enabling factors were the most significant predictors (P<0.05).

Conclusions: In this study, the prevalence of self-treatment was high among type 2 diabetic patients. Applying BASNEF model appears to be an efficient tool for predicting self-treatment behaviors among diabetic patients.

Persian Full-Text [PDF 453 kb]   (1896 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Self-care of Chronic Diseases
Received: 2015/01/14 | Accepted: 2015/06/11

1. Rahimi M, Dinari Z, Najafi F. [Prevalence of gestational diabetes and its risk factors in Kermanshah 2009]. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.2010; 14(3):244-50. (Persian)
2. Vazini H, Barati M. The Health Belief Model and Self-Care Behaviors among Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Obesity.2014; 6(3):107-13.
3. Jalilian F, Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Emdadi SH, Nasirzadeh M, Barati M, Hatamzadeh N. [The Quality of Life of Women with Type 2 Diabetes: the Study of Self-Efficacy]. Journal of Health System Research.2011; 7(6):1013-9. (Persian)
4. Esteghamati A, Gouya MM, Abbasi M, Delavari A, Alikhani S, Alaedini F, et al. Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the adult population of Iran: National Survey of Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases of Iran. Diabetes Care.2008; 31(1):96-8.
5. 5. Clarke J, Crawford A, Nash DB. Evaluation of a comprehensive diabetes disease management program; Progress in the struggle for sustained behavior change. Diabetes Management.2002; 5(2);77-86.
6. Barati M, Darabi D, Moghimbeigi A, Afsar A. [Self-regulation behaviors of hypertension and related factors among hypertensive patients]. J Fasa Univ Med Sci.2011; 1(3):116-22. (Persian)
7. Kamel NM. Behavior of Patients in relation to management of their disease. East Mediterr Health J.1999; 5(5):967-73.
8. Fattahi A, Barati M, Bashirian S, Heydari Moghadam R. Physical Activity and Its Related Factors Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Hamadan. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Obesity.2014; 6(2):85-92.
9. Yeh GY, Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Phillips RS. Use of complementary and alternative medicine among persons with diabetes mellitus: results of a national survey. Am J Public Health.2002; 92(10):1648-52.
10. Otoom SA, Al-Safi SA, Kerem ZK, Alkofahi A. The use of medicinal herbs by diabetic Jordanian patients. J Herb Pharmacother.2006; 6(2):31-41.
11. Al-Rowais NA. Herbal medicine in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Saudi Med J.2002; 23(11):1327-31.
12. Purreza A, Khalafi A, Ghiasi A, Mojahed F, Nurmohammadi M. [To identify self-medication practice among medical students of tehran university of medical science]. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology.2013; 8(4):40-6. (Persian)
13. Masoudi-Alavi N, Alami L, Taefi S, Sadafi Z. [Self-treatment in diabetes mellitus in Kashan]. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.2010; 12(3):237-42. (Persian)
14. Shrifirad G R, Mohebbi S, Motalebi M, Abbasi MH, Rejati F. [The prevalence and effective modifiable factors of self-medication based on the health belief model among elderly adults in Gonabad in 2009]. Journal of Health System Research.2011; 7(4):411-21. (Persian)
15. Kralik D, Koch T, Price K, Howard N. Chronic illness self-management: taking action to create order. J Clin Nurs.2004; 13(2):259-67.
16. Allison SE. Self-care requirements for activity and rest: an Orem nursing focus. Nurs Sci Q.2007; 20(1):68-76.
17. Tan MY MJ. Self-care practices of Malaysian adults with diabetes and sub-optimal glycemic control. Patient Educ Couns.2008; 72(2):252-67.
18. Compeán-Ortiz LG, Gallegos Cabriales EC, González González JG, Gómez Meza MV. Self-care behavior and health indicators in adults with type 2 diabetes. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem.2012; 18(4):675-80.
19. Winslow LC, Kroll DJ. Herbs as medicines. Arch Intern Med.1998; 158(20):2192-9.
20. Abbasian M, Delvarian-Zadeh M. [Evaluation of diabetes complications among the diabetic patients visiting the Shahroud diabetic’s clinic]. Knowledge and Health.2008; 2(4):15-19. (Persian)
21. American Diabetes Association. Statistics about diabetes. American Diabetes Association website; 2015 [updated 10 September, 2014; cited 1 January, 2015]; Available from: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/statistics/?loc=db-slabnav.
22. Masoudi Alavi N, Izadi F, Ebadi A, Hajbagheri A. [Self-treatment experience in diabetes mellitus type 2]. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.2009; 10(6):581-8. (Persian)
23. Safari M, Shojaizade D, Ghofranipour F, Hydrnya A, Pakpur A. [Theories, models and methods of health education and health promotion]. Tehran: Asare Sobhan Publisher, 2010.
24. Singh J, Singh R, Gautam CS. Self-medication with herbal remedies amongst patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A preliminary study. Indian J Endocrinol Metab.2012; 16(4):662-3.
25. Awad A, Al-Rabiy S, Abahussain E. Self-medication practices among diabetic patients in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract.2008; 17(4):315-20.
26. Baghianimoghadam MH, Ehrampoush MH. [Evaluation of attitude and practice of students of Yazd University of Medical Sciences to self-medication]. Zahedan J Res Med Sci.2006; 8(2):111-20. (Persian)
27. Khaksar A, Nader F, Mosavi-Zadeh K. [A survey of the frequency of administering drugs without prescription among the students of medicine and engineering]. Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences.2006; 3(3):21-8. (Persian)
28. Dashiff CJ, McCaleb A, Cull V. Self-care of young adolescents with type1diabetes. J Pediatr Nurs.2006; 21(3):222-32.
29. Vosoghi Karkazloo N, Abootalebi Daryasari G, Farahani B, Mohammadnezhad E, Sajjadi A. [The study of self-care agency in patients with diabetes (Ardabil)]. Modern Care Journal.2012; 8(4):197-204. (Persian)
30. Borhani F, Abbaszadeh A, Taebi M, Kohan S. [The relationship between self-efficacy and health beliefs among type2 diabetic patients]. Payesh.2010; 9(4):371-83. (Persian)
31. Abbs Zadeh A, Taebi M, Simin K, Haghdost A. [The relationship of health beliefs of Kermanian women and participation in mammography]. Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences.2011; 10(2):9-17. (Persian)
32. Vazini H, Barati M. [Predicting factors related to self-care behaviors among type 2 diabetic patients based on health belief model]. Journal of Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences.2014; 1(4):16-25. (Persian)
33. Porteous T, Bond C, Hannaford P, Sinclair H. How and why are non-prescription analgesics used in Scotland?. Fam Pract.2005; 22(1):78-85.
34. Hillhouse JJ, Turrisi R, Kastner M. Modeling tanning salon behavioral tendencies using appearance motivation, self-monitoring and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Health Educ Res.2000; 15(4):405-14.
35. Chapman KM, Ham JO, Lresen P, Winter L. Applying behavioral models to dietary education of elderly diabetic patients. J Nutr Educ.1995; 27(2):75-9.
36. Rahaei Z, Baghianimoghadam MH, Morovatisharifabad MA, Zareian M, Fallahzadeh H, Vakili Mahmoodabad M. [Determinants of self-monitoring of blood pressure among hypertensive patients using on path analysis of basnef model]. Payesh.2012; 11(5):621-7. (Persian)
37. Mosnier-Pudar H, Hochberg G, Eschwege E, Halimi S, Virally ML, Guillausseau PJ, et al. How patients’ attitudes and opinions influence self-care behaviours in type 2 diabetes: Insights from the French DIABASIS Survey. Diabetes Metab.2010; 36(1):476-83.
38. Zhong X, Tanasugarn C, Fisher EB, Krudsood S, Nityasuddhi D. Awareness and practices of self-management and influence factors among individuals with type 2 diabetes in urban community settings in Anhui Province, China. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health.2011; 42(1):185-6.
39. Khattab M, Khader YS, Al-Khawaldeh A, Ajlouni K. Factors associated with poor glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. J Diabetes Complications.2010; 24(2):84-9.
40. Didarloo AR, Shojaie zadeh D, Eftekhar H, Niknami S, Hajizadeh I, Alizadeh M, et al. Factors influencing physical activity behavior among Iranian women with type 2 diabetes using the extended theory of reasoned action. Diabetes Metab J.2011; 35(5):513-22.
41. Omondi DO, Walingo MK, Mbagaya GM, Othuon LOA. Understanding physical activity behavior of type 2 diabetics using the theory of planned behavior and structural equation modeling. International Journal of Social Sciences.2010; 5(1):160-7.
42. Ghazanfari Z, Niknami Sh, Ghofranipour F, Larijani B. [Regular physical activity from perspective of females with diabetes: A qualitative study]. Ofogh-e-Danesh.2009; 15(2):5-15. (Persian)
43. Hernandez-Tejada MA, Campbell JA, Walker RJ, Smalls BL, Davis KS, Egede LE. Diabetes empowerment, medication adherence and self-care behaviors in adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther.2012; 14(7):630-4.
44. Jackson IL, Adibe MO, Okonta MJ, Ukwe CV. Knowledge of self-care among type 2 diabetes patients in two states of Nigeria. Pharm Pract (Granada).2014; 12(3):404.
45. Sokol MC, McGuigan KA, Verbrugge RR, Epstein RS. Impact of medication adherence on hospitalization risk and healthcare cost. Med Care.2005; 43(6):521-30.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb