Volume 6, Issue 4 (December 2019)                   J Educ Community Health 2019, 6(4): 247-255 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yoshany N, Seyed khameshi S S, Rezaei M, Baghin N, Karimian kakolaki Z. Relationship between Quality of Life and Using Smart Phones in the Elderly. J Educ Community Health. 2019; 6 (4) :247-255
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-688-en.html
1- Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran , zohrehkarimian68@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1252 Views)
Aim(s): Aging is an important period of life, and attention to the issues and needs of this period is socially important because they can eclipse the quality of life of the elderly. Today, the use of cell phones especially smart cell phones among elderly has also increased. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between quality of life and the use of smart cell phones in the elderly.
Instruments & Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 408 elderly people who were covered by the retirement center of Yazd in 2019. These subjects were selected using simple random sampling method. Data gathering tools included demographic questionnaire, cell phones status and internet usage and WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. The data analysis was performed by SPSS 18 software using Spearman correlation coefficient, Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests.
Findings: The mean score for quality of life was 295.62±77.93. 90.2% of participants used cell phones. The quality of life components were significantly different based on gender, type of home, marital status, education level, income, having cell phone, duration and context of its use and who to live with elderly (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There was a direct relationship between the quality of life and using cell phone, duration and context of its use that this interaction can be through the use of cell phones to raise awareness, communicate or entertain, or build more social relationships with family, relatives and peers.
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Quality of Life
Received: 2019/03/22 | Accepted: 2019/08/18

1. Momeni K, Karimi H. Comparison of mental health between elderly admitted in sanitarium with elderly in sited in personal home. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2011;14(4): e79446. [Persian]
2. Wilmot JM, Ferraro KF, editors. Gerontology: perspectives and issues. 4th Edition. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2013.
3. Zahran HS, Kobau R, Moriarty DG, Zack MM, Holt J, Donehoo R, et al. Health-related quality of life surveillance--United States, 1993-2002. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2005;54(4):1-35.
4. Rejeski WJ, Mihalko SL. Physical activity and quality of life in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001;56(Suppl 2):23-35.
5. Conger S, Moore K. Chronic illness and quality of life: the social workers role. Singapore: TSAO foundation; 2002. p. 1.
6. King AC, Pruitt LA, Phillips W, Oka R, Rodenburg A, Haskell WL. Comparative effects of two physical activity programs on measured and perceived physical functioning and other health-related quality of life outcomes in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2000;55(2):M74-83.
7. Bonomi AE, Patrick DL, Bushnell DM, Martin M. Validation of the United States' version of the world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL) instrument. J Clin Epidemiol. 2000;53(1):1-12.
8. Osada H, Shibata H, Haga H, Yasumura S. Relationship of physical condition and functional capacity to depressive status in person aged 75 years. Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 1995;42(10):897-909. [Japanese]
9. Salar A, Ahmadi F, Faghihzadeh S. Study of effectiveness of continuous care consultation on the quality of life of elderly clients. Zahedan J Res Med Sci (Tabib-e-Shargh). 2004;5(4):261-7. [Persian]
10. Kazemi N, Sajjadi H, Bahrami G. Quality of Life in Iranian Elderly. Iran J Ageing, 2019;13(5):518-33. [Persian]
11. Shahbazi MR, Mirkhani M, Hatamizadeh N, Rahgozar M. Disability assessments in Tehranian elderly, 2007. Iran J Ageing. 2008;3(3 and 4):84-92. [Persian]
12. Najafi B, Arzaghi M, Fakhrzadeh H, Sharifi F, Shoaei S, Alizadeh M, et al . Mental health status and related factors in aged population: Urban health equity assessment and response tool (Urban- HEART) study in Tehran. Iran J Diabetes Metab. 2013;13(1):62-73. [Persian]
13. Ahmadi F, Salar A, Faghihzadeh S. Quality of life in Zahedan elderly population. Hayat. 2004;10(3):61-7. [Persian]
14. Mazloomi Mahmoodabad SS, Ghazinezhad N, Dehghani Tafti A. Consider quality of life nulliparous women of Noshar 2015. J Toloo-e Behdasht. 2017;16(1):23-32. [Persian]
15. Berlim MT, Pavanello DP, Caldieraro MA, Fleck MP. Reliability and validity of the WHOQOL BREF in a sample of Brazilian outpatients with major depression. Qual Life Res. 2005;14(2):561-4.
16. Izutsu T, Tsutsumi A, Islam A, Matsuo Y, Yamada HS, Kurita H, Wakai S. Validity and reliability of the Bangla version of WHOQOL-BREF on an adolescent population in Bangladesh. Qual Life Res. 2005;14(7):1783-9.
17. Skevington SM, Lotfy M, O'Connell KA; WHOQOL Group. The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. A report from the WHOQOL group. Qual Life Res. 2004;13(2):299-310.
18. Abdollahpour I, Salimi Y, Nedjat S, Jorjoran Shushtari Z. Quality of life and effective factors on it among governmental staff in Boukan city. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2011;22(1):40-7. [Persian]
19. Basakha M, Mohaqeqi Kamal SH, Pashazadeh H. Acceptance of information and communication technology by the elderly people living in Tehran. Iran J Ageing. 2019;13(5):550-63. [Persian]
20. Tavasoli Zanjani Z, Mohammadi F, Motalebi SA, Alipour Heydari M. Quality of life among elderly with visual impairment referring to Booali Sina Hospital, Qazvin. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2017;15(5):376-85. [Persian]
21. Naseh L, Shaikhi R, Rafiei F. Quality of life and its related factors among elderlies living in nursing homes. Iran J Nurs. 2014;27(87):67-78. [Persian]
22. Jadidi A, Farahaninia M, Janmohammadi S, Haghani H. Quality of life for elderly residents in nursing home. J Geriatr Nurs. 2015:2(1):9-18. [Persian]
23. Zahmatkeshan N, Bagherzadeh R, Akaberian S, Yazdankhah MR, Mirzaei K, Yazdanpanah S, et al . Assessing quality of life and related factors in Bushehr’s elders - 2008-2009. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2012;2(1):53-8. [Persian]
24. Taheri N, Fereydouni Moghaddam M, Cheraghian B, Hekmatipour N, Hojjati H. Factors affecting quality of life among elderly living in nursing homes. J Geriatr Nurs. 2015;2(1):50-61. [Persian]
25. García EL, Banegas JR, Pérez-Regadera AG, Cabrera RH, Rodríguez-Artalejo F. Social network and health-related quality of life in older adults: a population-based study in Spain. Qual Life Res. 2005;14(2):511-20.
26. Netuveli G, Blane D. Quality of life in older ages. Br Med Bull. 2008;85:113-26.
27. Nejati V, Ashayeri H. Health related quality of life in the elderly in Kashan. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2008;14(1):56-61. [Persian]
28. Vahdaninia MS, Goshtasebi A, Montazeri A, Maftoon F. Health-related quality of life in an elderly population in Iran: a population-based study. Payesh. 2005;4(2):113-20. [Persian]
29. Alipour F, Sajadi H, Forozan A, Biglarian A. The role of social support in elderly quality of life. Soc Welfare. 2009;9(33):147-65. [Persian]
30. Ahangari M, Kamali M, Arjmand Hesabi M. Quality of elderly's life in Tehran senile culture house clubs. Iran J Ageing. 2007;2(1):182-9. [Persian]
31. Orfila F, Ferrer M, Lamarca R, Tebe C, Domingo-Salvany A, Alonso J. Gender differences in health-related quality of life among the elderly: the role of objective functional capacity and chronic conditions. Soc Sci Med. 2006;63(9):2367-80.
32. Rafati N, Yavari P, mehrabi Y, Montazeri A. Quality of life among Kahrizak charity institutionalized elderly people. J Sch Public Health Inst Public Health Res. 2005;3(2):67-75. [Persian]
33. Abdi N, Solhi M. Quality of life in postmenopausal women in Tehran. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2014;2(2):87-96. [Persian]
34. Safdari R, Shamsabadi AR, Pahlevaninejad S. Improve health of the elderly people with m-health and technology. Iran J Ageing. 2018;13(3):288-99. [Persian]
35. Hosseini A, Mjdi A, Hassani G. Investigating the role of social support on the quality of life of the elderly in Mashhad in 2014. J Gerontol. 2016;1(2):10-8. [Persian]
36. Gallegos-Carrillo K, Mudgal J, Sánchez-García S, Wagner FA, Gallo JJ, Salmerón J, et al. Social networks and health-related quality of life: a population based study among older adults. Salud Publica Mex. 2009;51(1):6-13.
37. Salarvand S, Abedi HA. Causes and motivations of elderly home residency from residents' point of view. Feyz. 2008;12 (2):55-61. [Persian]
38. Virtuoso Júnior JS, Guerra RO. Factors associated to functional limitations in elderly of low income. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2008;54(5):430-5.
39. Woo J, Lynn H, Leung J, Wong SY. Self-perceived social status and health in older Hong Kong Chinese women compared with men. Women Health. 2008;48(2):209-34.
40. Emami Naeini M, Bakhtiari M, Hatami H, Khodakarim S, Sahaf R. Depression and perceived social support in the elderly. Iran J Ageing. 2017;12(2):192-207. [Persian]
41. Heidari M, Shahbazi S. Effect of self-care training program on quality of life of elders. Iran J Nurs. 2012;25(75):1-8. [Persian]
42. Helgeson VS. Social support and quality of life. Qual Life Res. 2003;12(Suppl 1):25-31.
43. Panaghi L, Abarashi Z, Mansoori N, Dehghani M. Quality of life and its related demographic characteristics in the elderly in Tehran. Iran J Ageing. 2010;4(12):77-87. [Persian]
44. Song L, Li S, Zhang W, Feldman MW. Intergenerational support and self-rated health of the elderly in rural China: an investigation in Chaohu, Anhui province. In: Yi Z, Poston DL, Vlosky DA, Gu D, editors. Healthy Longevity in China. London: Springer; 2008. pp.235-49.
45. Sudha S, Suchindran C, Mutran EJ, Rajan SI, Sarma PS. Marital status, family ties, and self-rated health among elders in South India. J Cross Cult Gerontol. 2006;21(3-4):103-20.
46. Drageset J, Eide GE, Ranhoff AH. Anxiety and depression among nursing home residents without cognitive impairment. Scand J Caring Sci. 2013;27(4):872-81.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb