Volume 1, Number 3 (Autumn 2014)                   JECH 2014, 1(3): 12-19 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.20286/jech-010370

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Babaei V, Garmaroodi G, Batebi A, Alipour D, Shahbaz M, Babazadeh T. The Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention Based on the Health Belief Model in the Empowerment of Stockbreeders Against High-Risk Behaviors Associated with Brucellosis. JECH. 2014; 1 (3) :12-19
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-70-en.html

1- MSc, Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- MSc, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- MSc, Department of Health Promotion and Education, Student Research Committee, School of Public Health and Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. , towhid.babazadeh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3209 Views)

Background and Objectives: Brucellosis is among the most common zoonotic diseases. Educational programs can be effective in the prevention of this disease in humans. The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in the empowerment of stockbreeders against high risk behaviors associated with brucellosis in Charuymaq county, East Azerbaijan. 

Materials and Methods: The present quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 in Charuymaq county. A total of 200 people selected through stratified random sampling participated in the study. Data were collected using a researcher-designed questionnaire including items on participants' demographic information, knowledge and the HBM constructs. Training sessions were then designed and held for the intervention group. Three months after the intervention was held, data were collected from both groups and then analyzed using descriptive statistics including the Mann-Whitney U test and the Wilcoxon test. 
Results: The mean scores obtained for knowledge, HBM constructs (perceived susceptibility, severity, barriers and benefits and self-efficacy) and brucellosis preventive behaviors showed no significant differences between the two groups before the intervention however, after the educational intervention, significant differences were observed between the mean scores obtained by the intervention group and the control group (P<0.05). 
Conclusion: The cooperation of charismatic individuals with intervention programs and the use of education theories can be more effective in modifying high-risk behaviors these programs should therefore be widely implemented across the country.
Full-Text [PDF 449 kb]   (1066 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/24 | Accepted: 2016/03/13

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