Background: Patient health engagement (PHE) is a dynamic and evolutionary process that involves improving health; however, little information is available on the PHE model. This study aimed to investigate health engagement and its relationship with social support, self-efficacy, and the quality of life in women with breast cancer.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 129 breast cancer patients who were referred to a specialized medical clinic and met the inclusion criteria. Data were collected using the EORTC QLQ-br23 questionnaire, Communication and Attitudinal Self-efficacy Scale for Cancer (19-item), Perceived Social Support Scale, NCCN Distress Thermometer, and PHE Scale. The statistical methods used in this study were linear regression, ANOVA, CATREG (Categorical regression with optimal scaling using alternating least squares), and descriptive statistics.
Results: The most commonly reported problem was tingling in hands and/or feet (43.3%). The median PHE score was 2. Additionally, 29.45% and 16.27% of the patients reported moderate and severe distress, respectively. The results of regression analysis showed that the PHE scale could predict social support, self-efficacy, quality of life and all of its dimensions (P<0.001). However, it is the strongest predictor of understanding and participating in care (P<0.001, r=0.485).
Conclusion: Given that the model can predict factors effective in improving cancer and interventions based on this model have not been performed in Iran, it is recommended that health interventions based on this model should be designed and implemented.