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Submitted: 28 Oct 2020
Accepted: 22 Apr 2021
ePublished: 30 Dec 2021
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J Educ Community Health. 2021;8: 259-263.
doi: 10.52547/jech.8.4.259

Scopus ID: 85124814675
  Abstract View: 141
  PDF Download: 76

Spiritual Health

Research Article

Do Spiritual Well-Being and Demographic Characteristics Influence the Decision on Being an Organ Donor?

Sahar Khoshravesh 1 ORCID logo, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini 2* ORCID logo, Jalal Poorolajal 3, Saeed Bashirian 4, Majid Barati 5, Majid Hamidi 6, Sanaz Khalili 7

1 “Department of Public Health” and “Students Research Committee”, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 "Department of Public Health” and “Social Determinants of Health Research Center”, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 “Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health” and “Modeling of Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center”, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5 Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
6 Managing Director of organ Donation Association, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
7 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: karimi.a@umsha.ac.ir

Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of spiritual well-being and demographic characteristics in signing the donor card.

Instrument & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hamadan in 2018. Six hundred employees from 57 offices (out of 60) were selected using a random sampling method. Data gathering was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis using SPSS version 22.

Findings: The participants’ mean±SD age was 39.5±7.0. About 20% (n=120) of employees had a donor card and 41.7% (n=250) of them were being a blood donors. About 56 percent than half of them were categorized as having high spiritual health. Among the interpersonal and mass media sources, employees obtained more information from friends (n=181, 30.2%) and TV (n=482, 80.3%), respectively. The results of logistic regression showed that being female (AOR=1.80; 95% CI=1.12-2.87), fewer children (1 child: AOR=1.99; 95% CI=1.15-3.43 & no child: AOR=2.94; 95% CI=1.48-5.84), being blood donor (AOR=2.40; 95% CI=1.50-3.85), and higher spiritual heath (AOR=1.01; 95% CI=1.00-1.03) were significantly predicted to sign donor card.

Conclusions: This study provides evidence about the importance of spiritual well-being and demographic predictors of organ donor cards. These predictors can be helpful for the development and implementation of interventions related to increasing the sign donor card.

Keywords: Organ Transplantation, Spirituality, Occupational Groups, Islam, Iran
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