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Submitted: 17 Oct 2021
Revision: 22 Feb 2022
Accepted: 28 Feb 2022
ePublished: 30 Mar 2022
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J Educ Community Health. 2022;9: 54-59.
doi: 10.34172/jech.2022.9
  Abstract View: 67
  PDF Download: 64

Social Determinants of Health

Original Article

Effective Factors on Women’s Social Exclusion After Divorce From the Viewpoint of Tehran Residents

Afsaneh Karami Juyani 1 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Zarei 1* ORCID logo, Shamsodin Niknami 1 ORCID logo, Alireza Haydarnia 1, Raziyeh Maasoumi 2,3

1 Department of Health Education & Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding author: Fatemeh Zarei, Email: , Email: f.zarei@modares.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Divorce is the most important factor in family disintegration. This study aimed to assess the perspectives of Tehran residents aged over 20 years on women’s social exclusion after divorce and its related factors.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on the population over 20 years old in Tehran in September 2019. Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic conditions, the Social Exclusion Questionnaire for Iranian Divorced Women was provided to the subjects online. Convenience sampling was applied until 400 questionnaires were completely received. Independent t test, one-way analysis of variance, multiple linear regressions, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to investigate the relationship between social exclusion and demographic variables via SPSS (version 16) at the significance level of 0.05.

Results: The mean±standard deviation of the age of participants was 37.82±9.1 years. There was a significant relationship between social exclusion and employment status (P<0.001), education level (P<0.001), economic status (P<0.001), and marital status (P<0.001). Further, there was a significant correlation between social exclusion and age (P<0.001). The total average of economic dependence and discrimination based on marital status, terrifying, depriving, and damaging marital status were 4.19±0.70, 4.0±02.75, 3.80±1.06, 3.75±0.85, and 3.67±0.94, respectively.

Conclusion: The economic dependence based on marital status had the highest impact on the social exclusion of divorced women based on the opinion of Tehran residents aged over 20.

Keywords: Social exclusion, Women, Divorce

Please cite this article as follows: Karami Juyani A, Zarei F, Niknami S, Haydarnia A, Maasoumi R. Effective factors on women’s social exclusion after divorce from the viewpoint of tehran residents. J Educ Community Health. 2022; 9(1):54-59. doi:10.34172/jech.2022.9
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