Background: Divorce is the most important factor in family disintegration. This study aimed to assess the perspectives of Tehran residents aged over 20 years on women’s social exclusion after divorce and its related factors.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on the population over 20 years old in Tehran in September 2019. Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic conditions, the Social Exclusion Questionnaire for Iranian Divorced Women was provided to the subjects online. Convenience sampling was applied until 400 questionnaires were completely received. Independent t test, one-way analysis of variance, multiple linear regressions, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to investigate the relationship between social exclusion and demographic variables via SPSS (version 16) at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The mean±standard deviation of the age of participants was 37.82±9.1 years. There was a significant relationship between social exclusion and employment status (P<0.001), education level (P<0.001), economic status (P<0.001), and marital status (P<0.001). Further, there was a significant correlation between social exclusion and age (P<0.001). The total average of economic dependence and discrimination based on marital status, terrifying, depriving, and damaging marital status were 4.19±0.70, 4.0±02.75, 3.80±1.06, 3.75±0.85, and 3.67±0.94, respectively.
Conclusion: The economic dependence based on marital status had the highest impact on the social exclusion of divorced women based on the opinion of Tehran residents aged over 20.