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Submitted: 13 Dec 2015
Accepted: 16 Mar 2016
ePublished: 30 Mar 2016
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J Educ Community Health. 2016;2(4): 34-40.
doi: 10.21859/jech-02045
  Abstract View: 673
  PDF Download: 298

Self-care of Chronic Diseases

Research Article

The Assessment of Social Support and Self-Care Requisites for Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Diabetic Foot Patients

Mohammad Taher 1 ORCID logo, Hamid Abredari 1* ORCID logo, Mahmood Karimy 2, Maryam Rahmati 1, Mohammad Atarod 2, Hossein Azaepira 3

1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
2 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: bayatvahid@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Diabetic foot as one of the most common complications of diabetes is involved in more than %25 of diabetic patients’ lives, and if not treated properly can lead to amputation up to %20. The lack of self-care is the underlying cause of mortality, morbidity and chronic complications of diabetes. Identification and rectifying of diabetic foot care needs of patients can additionally reduce readmission; also, %85 of diabetic foot problems can be prevented.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 130patients with diabetic foot from Shahid Modarres hospital were selected using census method. Data in forms of demographic questionnaire, self-care requisites assessment tool for preventing diabetic foot ulcer, and Social Support Behavior Scale were completed by patients and then were collected. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16.

Results: In this study, a significant relationship was found between self-care and social support (P<0.05). This means that people with better social support reported better self-care than those with weaker social support. A significant relationship in level of education and monthly income with self-care was seen, as well as in level of education, monthly income and marital status with social support (P<0.001).

Conclusions: The results showed that social support can be considered as an effective factor in individual self-care behaviors, and with regard to this factor in educational, treatment and care programs of patients, can improve their self-care, in addition to decreasing economic costs, and improve their qualities of lives as well.

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