Submitted: 04 Nov 2020
Accepted: 28 Feb 2021
ePublished: 30 Dec 2021
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J Educ Community Health. 2021;8(4): 265-270.
doi: 10.52547/jech.8.4.265

Scopus ID: 85124843644
  Abstract View: 1255
  PDF Download: 876

Sexual Health

Research Article

Sexual Health Literacy and the Related Factors among Women in Qazvin, Iran

Rahman Panahi 1 ORCID logo, Peyman Namdar 2, Neda Nayebi 3, Mohammad Anbari 4, Leili Yekefallah 5, Leila Dehghankar 5* ORCID logo

1 Department of Health Education & Promotion, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Emergency Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Iran
4 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
5 "Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery" and "Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases", Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: dehghan247@gmail.com


Aims: Sexual health literacy is a context-based variable affected by the ecosystem or a set of cultural and social factors of each community. This study aimed to determine sexual health literacy and the related factors.

Instrument & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The population of this study was 305 women referring to the health centers of Qazvin, Iran. Sampling was done through a one-stage cluster method. The data collection tool was a demographic and the standard questionnaire sexual health literacy for adults. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 and descriptive statistics and logistic regression.

Findings: In this study, 44.9% of women were under 30 years old. The mean±SD of sexual health literacy was 76.89±18.32. Women had 7.9% inadequate sexual health literacy, 9.5% had inadequate sexual health literacy, 50.1% had adequate sexual health literacy, and 32.5% had excellent sexual health literacy. The results of the logistic regression test showed that the variables of education level, spouse education level, and use of contraceptives affect women's health literacy (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Women with a lower education level, women whose spouses had low education levels, and women who did not use contraceptives had lower sexual health literacy. Therefore, according to the role of sexual health literacy in understanding, accepting, and applying sexual health messages, it is suggested that researchers and health providers pay more attention to the mentioned women in designing educational programs to promote women's sexual health literacy.

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