Submitted: 08 Sep 2023
Revision: 15 Sep 2023
Accepted: 22 Sep 2023
ePublished: 30 Sep 2023
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J Educ Community Health. 2023;10(3): 179-184.
doi: 10.34172/jech.2615

Scopus ID: 85181436316
  Abstract View: 225
  PDF Download: 125


Original Article

The Social Support Theory as a Predictor of Sleep Hygiene Behaviors Among Older Adults

Maryam Zanghaneh 1 ORCID logo, Saeed Bashirian 2, Erfan Ayubi 2, Majid Barati 4,5* ORCID logo, Ali Mirbeyghi 6

1 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5 Department of Public Health, Asadabad School of Medical Sciences, Asadabad, Iran
6 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Majid Barati, Email: barati@umsha.ac.ir


Background: Aging is associated with several health concerns, including sleep problems. Hence, the current study was conducted to determine the factors related to the performance of sleep hygiene behaviors among the elderly in Malair based on the social support theory.

Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from 298 older adults who referred to comprehensive health centers in Malair, Iran, in 2022. Participants were selected by multi-stage random sampling method. Data collection tools included demographic information, social support theory, and sleep hygiene behaviors questionnaires. Data were then analyzed by SPSS software version 18 using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and linear regression.

Results: According to the findings, among sleep hygiene behaviors, light and sound control behaviors to the minimum possible extent during sleep time (71.1%) and proper bedroom temperature control (68.5%) had the highest frequency. Furthermore, regular exercise behaviors such as walking outside homes in the evenings (16.4%) and examining the effect of drugs on sleep (24.8%) were the least frequent performance by the elderly. The results of linear regression analysis showed that instrumental support (β=0.297), informational support (β=0.224), and emotional support (β=0.15) are the best predictors of performing sleep hygiene behaviors. Moreover, the constructs of social support theory explained a 44.2% variance in sleep hygiene behaviors of the elderly.

Conclusion: Considering the unfavorable level of some sleep hygiene behaviors among the elderly, it seems necessary to emphasize the importance of performing sleep hygiene behaviors. It is also suggested to pay attention to instrumental, informational, and emotional support when designing educational programs to increase the amount of the performance of these behaviors.

Please cite this article as follows: Zanghaneh M, Bashirian S, Ayubi E, Barati M, Mirbeyghi A. The Social support theory as a predictor of sleep hygiene behaviors among older adults. J Educ Community Health. 2023; 10(3):179-184. doi:10.34172/jech.2615
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