Volume 8, Issue 2 (June 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(2): 89-96 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.GUMS.REC.1398.287

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Ashouri-ahmadgoorabi R, Rouhani-tonekaboni N, Kasmaei P, Shakiba M, Kamalikhah T. Physical Activity Determinants of Female Teachers in Rasht County, Iran; Applying the Social Cognitive Theory. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (2) :89-96
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1074-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- "Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health" and "Research Center of Health and Environment", Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , rouhani.phd@gmail.com
3- "Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center" and "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health", Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Nutrition, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Abstract:   (769 Views)
Aims: Inactivity among Iranian women is higher than in Iranian men. Since teachers are exposed to occupational damages, it is necessary to consider physical activity in teachers. The Social-Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a useful framework for understanding physical activity behavior. Therefore, the present research was aimed to determine physical activity determinants in female teachers based on SCT.
Instrument & Methods: This analytic-cross sectional study was performed on 612 female schoolteachers of all educational levels of urban and rural areas of Rasht County using multi-stage random sampling in the 2019- 2020 academic years. The data collection instruments included demographic information, International Physical Activity Questionnaire– Short Form, and Social Cognitive Theory Questionnaire. In order to analyze the data, I used Independent Samples t-test, Analysis of Variance, Spearman Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple Linear Regression tests in SPSS 21 software.
Findings: The age average of the teachers was 40.25±7.65. Of the total, 331 teachers (54.1%) had light physical activity (0-599 MET minutes/week). It observed the most direct correlation between self-efficacy (r=0.439) and exercise planning (r=0.513) with physical activity behavior. Constructs of exercise Planning (B=0.34, p=0.001) and Self-Efficacy (B=0.14, p=0.003) were the most significant predictors of physical activity and accounted for 17% and 12% of the variance, respectively.
Conclusion: Constructs of exercise Planning and Self-Efficacy were the most important predictors of physical activity that can be used in designing interventions to promote physical activity in teachers.
Full-Text [PDF 494 kb]   (381 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Physical Activity
Received: 2020/05/27 | Accepted: 2020/10/29

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