Volume 8, Issue 2 (June 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(2): 135-142 | Back to browse issues page

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Bahadivand S, Doosti-Irani A, Karami M, Qorbani M, Mohammadi Y. Prevalence of High-Risk Behaviors among Iranian Adolescents: a Comprehensive Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (2) :135-142
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1238-en.html
1- "Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health" and "Students Research Committee", Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- "Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center" and "Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health", Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- "Research Center for Health Sciences" and "Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health", Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Non-communicable Disease Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
5- "Social Determinants of Health Research Center" and "Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health", Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , u.mohammadi@umsha.ac.ir
Abstract:   (732 Views)
Aims: Our knowledge of the prevalence of high-risk behaviors among Iranian adolescents is controversial. This paper was aimed to estimate the prevalence of drug abuse, alcohol consumption, smoking, hookah, and extramarital sex among Iranian adolescents with a systematic approach.
Information & Methods: In this meta-analyses study, the databases were searched up to date of 2020/1/21 that searched major international databases including Web of Science, Medline, and Scopus, and some national databases include SID, IranDoc, Magiran, and a reference list of the selected studies to obtain the relevant studies until 2020/02/21. PRISMA checklist and the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal checklist were used. Stata 11 software was used to analyze data.
Findings: Out of 8047 studies identified at initial phase, 37 studies were eligible for meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of drug abuse, alcohol consumption, smoking, hookah and extramarital sex were 4% (95% CI: 3% to 5%), 9% (95% CI: 6% to 10%), 9% (95% CI: 7% to 10%), 20% (95% CI: 14% to 25%) and 20% (95% CI: 9% to 31%), respectively.
Conclusion: The prevalence of high-risk behaviors in Iranian adolescents is high. Taking primary prevention measures to reduce prevalence is recommended by legal and health measures.
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Type of Study: Systematic Review Articles | Subject: Addictive Behaviors
Received: 2020/08/23 | Accepted: 2020/11/30

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