Volume 8, Issue 3 (September 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(3): 209-214 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.TUMS.IKHC.REC.1399.233

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Choobineh H, Noorbala A A, Bagheri-Yazdi S A, Bolhari J, Golmakani M M, Haghani E. Effectiveness of Online Stress Management Intervention on Mental Health Status of Tehran Municipality Employees with COVID-19. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (3) :209-214
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1312-en.html
1- School of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- "Department of Psychiatry" and "Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center", Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , noorbala1@gmail.com
3- Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran
4- Research Center of Spiritual Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Comprehensive Mental Health Center, Healthy city Company of Tehran Municipality, Tehran, Iran
6- SHAHR SALEM Company of Tehran Municipality, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (803 Views)
Aims: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in the world has raised not only public health concerns but also several psychological problems, including anxiety, fear, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. The main goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of online Stress Management on the mental health status of employees with COVID-19 from Tehran Municipality.
Materials & Methods: In this semi-experimental study conducted in 2020, for the mental health status of 370 personnel of Tehran municipality who were affected by COVID-19, a rapid screening questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire-28 were used. Among those whose General Health Questionnaire-28 score was higher than cut-off point 6, 60 individuals were randomly selected and divided into two groups (experiment and control). The experimental samples had six sessions of online stress management training (each one took about an hour), based on a cognitive-behavioral approach. The control group did not receive any intervention during the study period. Data were analyzed by SPSS 24 using MANCOVA.
Findings: The results showed that 38.4% of the subjects suspected a mental disorder (35.7% of males and 47.6% of females). The mean scores of the General Health Questionnaire-28 and its subscales were significantly higher in women than men (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis of covariance on the mean score of individuals in the General Health Questionnaire-28 questionnaire showed that cognitive-behavioral stress management could statistically improve the mental health of samples from the experimental group compared to control.
Conclusion: Online cognitive-behavioral stress management can be used in the COVID-19 crisis and can improve the mental health aspect of employee's health.
Full-Text [PDF 486 kb]   (275 Downloads)    

Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2020/10/11 | Accepted: 2021/05/22

1. Zhu H, Wei L, Niu P. The novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Glob Health Res Policy. 2020;5:6. [PubMed]
2. Shigemura J, Ursano RJ, Morganstein JC, Kurosawa M, Benedek DM. Public responses to the novel coronavirus in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2020;74(4):281-2. [PubMed]
3. Farnoosh G, Alishiri G, Hosseini Zijoud S R, Dorostkar R, Jalali Farahani A. Understanding the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease (COVID19) based on available evidence-a narrative review. J Mil Med. 2020;22(1):1-11. [Persian] [Full text]
4. Worldometer. Wuhan coronavirus outbreak [Internet]. Worldometer; 2020 [cited: unknown]. Available from: Not Found.
5. Liu X, Na RS, Bi ZQ. Challenges to prevent and control the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2020;41(7):994-7. [Chinese] [PubMed]
6. Li S, Wang Y, Xue J, Zhao N, Zhu T. The impact of COVID-19 epidemic declaration on psychological consequences: A study on active weibo users. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(6):2032. [PubMed]
7. Dubravka G. Managing stress during COVID-19 [Report]. Waterloo: Waterloo CBT Publication; 2020, Report NO: Unknown. [Full text]
8. Noorbala AA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Bagheri-Yazdi SA, Hajebi A, Mousavi MT, et al. MH survey of the adult population of Iran in 2015. Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(3):128-34. [PubMed]
9. Yang Y, Li W, Zhang Q, Zhang L, Cheung T, Xiang YT. Mental health services for older adults in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):19. [Full text]
10. Shadmehr M, Ramak N, Sangani AR. The role of perceived mental stress in the health of suspected cases of COVID-19. J Mil Med. 2020;22(2):115-21. [Persian] [Full text]
11. Kessler RC. Psychiatric epidemiology: Selected recent advances and future directions. Bull World Health Organ. 2000;78(4):464-74. [PubMed]
12. Rubin GJ, Wessely S. The psychological effects of quarantining a city. BMJ. 2020;368:313. [PubMed]
13. Shahyad S, Mohammadi MT. Psychological impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on MH status of society individuals: A narrative review. J Mil Med. 2020;22(2):184-92. [Persian] [Full text]
14. Murray CJL, Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Stein C. The global burden of disease 2000 project: Aims, methods and data sources [Report]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001, Report NO: 36. [Full text]
15. Goldberg DP. The detection of psychiatric illness by questionnaire: A technique for the identification and assessment of non-psychotic psychiatric illness. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1972. [Full text]
16. Goldberg DP, Hillier VF. A scaled version of the general health questionnaire. Psychol Med. 1979;9(1):139-45. [PubMed]
17. Goldberg DP, Gater R, Sartorius N, Ustun TB, Piccinelli M, Gureje O, et al. The validity of two version of GHQ in general health care. Psychol Med. 1997;27(1):191-7. [PubMed]
18. Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Mohammad K. The validation of general health questionnaire 28 as a psychiatric screening tool. Hakim Res J. 2004;11(4):47-53. [Persian] [Full text]
19. Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Yasamy MT, Mohammad K. Mental health survey of the adult population in Iran. Br J Psychiatry. 2004;184:70-3. [PubMed]
20. Antoni MH, Ironson G, Schneiderman N. Cognitive-behavioral stress -management: Workbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2007.
21. Mohammadi MR, Davidian H, Noorbala AA, Malekafzali H, Naghavi HR, Bagheri Yazdi SA, et al. An epidemiological survey of psychiatric disorders in Iran. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2005;1:16. [PubMed]
22. Sharifi V, Amin-Esmaeili M, Hajebi A, Motavalian A, Radgoodarzi R, Hafezi M. Twelve-month prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders Iran: The Iran mental health survey-2011. Arch Iran Med. 2015;18(2):76-84. [Persian] [PubMed]
23. Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, et al. Trends in change of mental health status of Iranian population aged 15 and above between 1999 and 2015. Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(11 Suppl 1):2-6. [Persian] [Full text]
24. Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Asadi Lari M, Vaez Mahdavi M. Mental health status of individuals fifteen years and older in Tehran-Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Phsycol. 2009;16(4):479-83. [Persian] [Full text]
25. Noorbala AA, Bagheri-Yazdi SA, Vaez-Mahdavi MR, Asadi-Lari M, Faghihzadeh S, Mohammad K, et al. Mental health changes in Tehran during a 12-year period: Comparing national health and disease survey in 1999 and project in 2011. Daneshvar Med. 2014;22(113):37. [Persian] [Full text]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb