Volume 8, Issue 3 (September 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(3): 195-202 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.MUI.MED.REC.1398.653

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Atighechian G, Tavakoli N, Rezaei F. The Information Needs of the Iranian People in the COVID-19 Pandemic from the Perspective of Health Professionals: A Qualitative Approach. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (3) :195-202
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1398-en.html
1- Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Health Information Technology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3- Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , f.rezaei.ms@gmail.com
Abstract:   (272 Views)
Aims: The COVID-19 pandemic led to widespread concern, rumors, and fears in different countries. This study aimed to identify the information needs of the Iranian people regarding the pandemic.
Participants & Methods: A qualitative study using a content analysis approach was conducted to collect experts' opinions on identifying the information needs of the Iranian people regarding the COVID-19 virus from March to May 2020. Key informants were purposefully selected from the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Isfahan and Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals. The saturation point was reached at 19 face-to-face semi-structured interviews. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview. The data collection instrument was the interview guide form. The interviews were analyzed by MAXQDA 12.
Findings: The findings were divided into two sections, including channels and sources of information and people's information needs about the COVID-19 virus. In the first part, two main themes and eight categories were identified. Four themes and twenty-three subthemes on information needs regarding the COVID-19 virus were extracted. ). Themes related to information needs regarding COVID-19 were as follows: Information regarding an alternative lifestyle due to COVID-19 Pandemic, Information regarding mental health issues, Information regarding sanitation and hygienic requirements, and Information regarding medical issues.
Conclusion: The correct information is the key to achieve success in mitigation measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying people's information needs about COVID-19 will also help governments produce better educational content.
Full-Text [PDF 491 kb]   (95 Downloads)    


Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Health Literacy
Received: 2020/12/11 | Accepted: 2021/07/5

References
1. Sulistyawati S, Rokhmayanti R, Aji B, Wijayanti SPM, Hastuti SKW, Sukesi TW, et al. knowledge, attitudes, practices and information needs during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2021;14:163-75. [PubMed]
2. Wong A. COVID-19: Fighting panic with information. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):537. [PubMed]
3. Odlum M, Yoon S. Health information needs and health seeking behavior during the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak: A twitter content analysis. PLos Curr. 2018 Mar:10. [PubMed]
4. Nasir DM. Exploring the health information needs of pilgrims for the protection against infectious diseases during mass Muslim gatherings (HAJJ) [dissertation]. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand; 2017. [Full text]
5. CDC. COVID-19 [Internet]. Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 2020 [cited 2020 Feb 2]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html. [Full text]
6. Xu B, Kraemer MUG. Open access epidemiological data from the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(5):534. [PubMed]
7. Calisher C, Carroll D, Colwell R, Corley RB, Daszak P, Drosten C, et al. Statement in support of the scientists, public health professionals, and medical professionals of China combatting COVID-19. Lancet. 2020;395(10226):42-3. [PubMed]
8. Yang Y, Li W, Zhang Q, Zhang L, Cheung T, Xiang YT. Mental health services for older adults in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):19. [Full text]
9. Liu S, Yang L, Zhang C, Xiang YT, Liu Z, Hu S, et al. Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):17-8. [PubMed]
10. Qiao J. What are the risks of COVID-19 infection in pregnant women? Lancet. 2020;395(10226):760-2. [PubMed]
11. Xu Y, Liu H, Hu K, Wang M. Clinical management of lung cancer patients during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi. 2020;23(3):136-41. [Chinese] [PubMed]
12. Kmietowicz Z. Rules on isolation rooms for suspected covid-19 cases in GP surgeries to be relaxed. BMJ. 2020;368:707. [PubMed]
13. Zarocostas J. How to fight an infodemic. Lancet. 2020;395(10226):676. [PubMed]
14. Wang FS, Zhang C. What to do next to control the 2019 nCoV epidemic. Lancet. 2020;395(10222):391-3. [PubMed]
15. Dong E, Du H, Gardner L. An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(5):533-4. [PubMed]
16. Vaezi A, Haghjooy Javanmard S. Infodemic and risk communication in the era of CoV 19. Adv Biomed Res. 2020;9:10. [PubMed]
17. Braun V, Clarke V. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qual Res Psychol. 2006;3(2):77-101. [Full text]
18. Lincoln YS, Guba EG. Naturalistic inquiry. New York: SAGE; 1985. [Full text]
19. Rasmussen SA, Smulian JC, Lednicky JA, Wen TS, Jamieson DJ. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and pregnancy: What obstetricians need to know. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020; ;222(5):415-26. [PubMed]
20. Arab-Mazar Z, Ranjit S, Rabaan A, Dhama K, Rodriguez-Morales AJ. Mapping the incidence of the COVID-19 hotspot in Iran–implications for travellers. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2020;34:101630 [PubMed]
21. Hua J, Shaw R. Corona virus (COVID-19) infodemic and emerging issues through a data lens: The case of China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(7):2309. [PubMed]
22. Jormand H, Bashirian S, Barati M, Khazaei S, Jenabi E, Zareian S. A qualitative study on people's experiences of COVID-19 media literacy. Media Lit Acad Res. 2021;4(1):38-52. [Full text]
23. Jandric J. Postdigital research in the time of Covid-19. Postdig Sci Educ. 2020;2:233-8. [Full text]
24. Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: Address mental health care to empower society. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):37-8. [PubMed]
25. Haasioa A, Harviainenb JT, Savolainenb R. Information needs of drug users on a local dark Web marketplace. Inf Process Manag. 2020;57(2):102080. [Full text]
26. Knapp C, Madden V, Marcu M, Wang H, Curtis C, Sloyer P, et al. information seeking behaviors of parents whose children have life-threatening illnesses. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011;56(5):805-11. [PubMed]
27. Riahi A. A study of health information needs and health information seeking among Users of Mazandaran public libraries during 2015-16: A short report. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2017;16(7):683-90. [Persian] [Full text]
28. Ke Q, Du JT, Ji L. Toward a conceptual framework of health crisis information needs: An analysis of COVID-19 questions in a Chinese social Q&A website. J Doc. 2021;77(4):851-70. [Full text]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb