Volume 8, Issue 3 (September 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(3): 173-179 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.AJUMS.REC.1397.335
Clinical trials code: IRCT20180916041047N1

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Babaei Heydarabadi A, Latifi S M, Karami K, Arastoo A A, Ghatfan F. Effect of Educational Intervention Based on the Extended Parallel Process Model on the Adoption of Behaviors Preventing Physical Injuries from Working with Computers among Female Employees. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (3) :173-179
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-923-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3- "Public Health Department, School of Public Health" and "Social Determinants of Health Research Center", Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4- "Social Determinants of Health Research Center" and "Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center", Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran , fatemeh.ghatfan@gmail.com
Abstract:   (861 Views)
Aims: Using correct ergonomic principles is the main preventive factor while employees use computers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of applying the Extended Parallel Process Model in adopting preventing behaviors of physical injuries caused by the computer on female employees of comprehensive service health centers.
Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study was performed on 166 female employees of the Health Centers of West Ahvaz in 2018-2019. Participants were selected by census method, and after completing the pre-test questionnaire, they were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. The educational intervention was performed based on the Extended Parallel Process Model by sending a daily educational SMS for one month. Two months after sending the last SMS, participants completed the research questionnaire again. Data were analyzed by SPSS 22 software using ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, paired T, Wilcoxon, and Friedman tests.
Findings: There was no significant difference between the scores of the Extended Parallel Process Model constructs in the experimental and control groups before the intervention (P>0.05). A significant difference was observed in the mean scores of the perceived sensitivity and severity, response effectiveness, self-efficacy, and behavior in the intervention groups two months after the intervention (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Training by the Extended Parallel Process Model enabled the test group participants to be in a position to adopt protective behavior. The findings showed that focusing on high-performance content messages promotes preventive behaviors for computer-assisted physical injuries.
Full-Text [PDF 513 kb]   (357 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Injury Prevention
Received: 2020/02/3 | Accepted: 2020/12/10

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