Logo-jech
Submitted: 27 Feb 2016
Accepted: 18 Mar 2016
ePublished: 30 Mar 2016
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

J Educ Community Health. 2016;2(4): 13-24.
doi: 10.21859/jech-02043
  Abstract View: 581
  PDF Download: 218

Physical Activity

Research Article

Improving and Maintaining Physical Activity and Anthropometric Indices in females from Tehran: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

Zeynab Gholamnia-Shirvani 1, Fazllolah Ghofranipour 1* ORCID logo, Reza Gharakhanlo 2, Anoshirvan Kazemnezhad 3

1 Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Physical Education, School of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: ghofranf@modares.ac.ir

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The amount of physical activity as an essential determinant of healthy lifestyle in females is less than is required. Theory-driven health education interventions, particularly Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), are effective in promoting and sustaining physical activity. This research evaluated the TPB-based educational intervention on exercise behavior and anthropometric indices in females residing in organizational houses in Tehran.

Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial was performed on 130 females residing in institutional houses in Tehran (2014). Participants were randomly chosen with multi-stage cluster sampling. The instructional sessions were carried out applying modified methods of the TPB structure (instrumental and affective attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intention and behavior). The TPB constructs, physical activity level and intensity, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) were analyzed using the SPSS 16software in baseline, three and six months post-education.

Results: Conducting the educational program led to a rise and maintained the mean of the TPB constructs and mean rank of the physical activity level and intensity, three and six months post-intervention in the case group (P<0.001). Also, the averages of Body Mass Index (BMI) and WHR decreased and sustained in temporal sections (P<0.001). However, no significant changes of aforesaid variables occurred in the control group (P>0.05)

Conclusions: Implementing the TPB-directed instructional sessions resulted in ameliorating and sustaining exercise behavior and anthropometric indices in females.

First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 582

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 218

Your browser does not support the canvas element.