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Submitted: 06 Sep 2016
Accepted: 13 Dec 2016
ePublished: 30 Dec 2016
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J Educ Community Health. 2016;3: 1-8.
doi: 10.21859/jech-03031
  Abstract View: 91
  PDF Download: 46

Cancer Prevention

Research Article

Breast Self-examination and its Effective Factors Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior among Women in Kerman, Iran

Esmat Rezabeigi-Davarani 1 ORCID logo, Narges Khanjani 2, Mostafa Falahi 3, Salman Daneshi 4, Abedin Iranpour 5* ORCID logo

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
2 Research Center for Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
3 Kerman Health Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
4 Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
5 Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: iranpourabedin89@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Breast cancer is the most common form of malignant diseases in women. Early diagnosis is effective on its successful treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate breast self-examination and its effective factors based on the theory of planned behavior among women in Kerman, Iran.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, 300 women referred to the health centers in Kerman, Iran, were selected by the cluster and convenience sampling. Data were collected using questionnaires included demographic variables and questions about knowledge and constructs of the theory of planned behavior. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation, Spearman, Chi-square, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney and logistic regression with the SPSS 21 software.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 30.26 ± 8.18 years. Results showed that 12.7% of the women performed breast self-examination regularly every month. The most common reason for not doing breast self-examination was not knowing how to perform it. Knowledge was the most important predictor in breast self-examination (OR= 0.896, P <0.001). There was a significant difference in the average scores of knowledge, attitude, perceived behavioral control and behavioral intention between groups that did and did not perform breast self-examination (P <0.05).

Conclusions: Education interventions based on the theory of planned behavior can be implemented for increasing women's knowledge and empowering them in timely diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

Keywords: Attitude, Breast Neoplasms, Breast Self-Examination, Knowledge
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