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Submitted: 02 Apr 2022
Revision: 12 Jul 2022
Accepted: 22 Jul 2022
ePublished: 30 Sep 2022
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J Educ Community Health. 2022;9: 133-139.
doi: 10.34172/jech.2022.20
  Abstract View: 90
  PDF Download: 77

Social Determinants of Health

Original Article

Perceived Risks and Social, Economic, and Health Changes Among Older People in Thailand During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Paolo Miguel Manalang Vicerra 1* ORCID logo, Jose Carlo G. de Pano 2

1 Asian Demographic Research Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China
2 Department of Speech Communication and Theatre Arts, University of the Philippines, the Philippines
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Paolo Miguel Manalang Vicerra, Email: , Email: pmvicerra@alum.up.edu.ph

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic and the accompanying restrictions have caused disruptions in the lives of older Thais. The present study aimed to determine the associations of perceived risks with social, economic, and health changes that occurred among people aged 60 years old and over during the implemented lockdown measures.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from a survey on the Impact of COVID-19 on Older Persons in Thailand, with a sample size of 1230 collected in July 2020, were used for the analyses. An index was created using factor analysis from a list of perceived risks or worries during the COVID-19 pandemic. The mentioned index was then employed in an ordinary least squares regression model to explore associated factors that involved social, economic, and health changes.

Results: The results indicated that older individuals, who were married (β=-0.141; P=0.030) and resided in rural areas (β=-0.218; P<0.001), had lower levels of perceived risks or worries. Greater worry was related to individuals who had negative physical health changes during the pandemic (β=0.177; P<0.001) and those who had less mobility around their communities (β=0.356; P<0.001). Loss of employment (β=0.318; P=0.004) and income inadequacy before the pandemic (β=0.370; P<0.001) and only during the pandemic (β=0.169; P=0.040) had positive associations with perceived risk.

Conclusion: Observing psychological health is necessary for the protection of the older population’s wellbeing. The COVID-19 pandemic being an unprecedented event has shown the need to ensure the social and economic protection of this age group as they are highly vulnerable.

Keywords: Risk, Healthy aging, COVID-19, Developing economies

Please cite this article as follows: Vicerra PMM, de Pano JCG. Perceived risks and social, economic, and health changes among older people in thailand during the Covid-19 pandemic. J Educ Community Health. 2022; 9(3):133-139. doi:10.34172/jech.2022.20
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