Submitted: 22 Feb 2023
Revision: 30 May 2023
Accepted: 22 Jun 2023
ePublished: 30 Jun 2023
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J Educ Community Health. 2023;10(2): 62-71.
doi: 10.34172/jech.2023.2289

Scopus ID: 85171695110
  Abstract View: 158
  PDF Download: 113

Quality of Life

Original Article

Psychosocial-Spiritual Factors Associated With Well-being of Older Population in Africa

Lawrence Clement Kehinde 1* ORCID logo, Mambetalina Saktaganovna Aliya 1, Baigabylov Nurlan Oralbaevich 1

1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Eurasian National University. L. N. Gumilyov Astana, Kazakhstan
*Corresponding Author: Lawrence Clement Kehinde,, Email: lawrence.kclement@gmail.com


Background: The quality of well-being of the older population is a crucial determinant of successful aging as well as the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG target 3). However, the impact of psychosocial-spiritual factors on well-being is affected by the level of general health conditions in the older population. Previous studies have focused more on the physical health and psychological well-being nexus, but the role of general health conditions in mediating the association between psychosocial-spiritual factors and well-being in the older population in Africa was not investigated. This study, therefore, examined the psychosocial-spiritual factors associated with well-being in the older population in Africa with a focus to determine the contribution of all the psychosocial-spiritual factors when mediated by general health conditions.

Methods: In this regard, a quantitative research methodology was adopted using a descriptive survey. A total of 833 elderly people with a mean age of f 68.04±6.71 years were recruited, comprising 484 females and 399 males in five municipalities.

Results: The findings revealed that general health conditions, quality of life, social support, and social network are significantly associated with well-being in older people. Furthermore, the mediating effect of general health conditions had an inverse association with well-being.

Conclusion: Accordingly, a commitment to quality of life, healthcare services, social support, and family social network is effective for Africa to achieve healthy lives and promote well-being for individuals of all ages.

Please cite this article as follows: Kehinde LC, Aliya MS, Nurlan Oralbaevich B. Psychosocial-spiritual factors associated with wellbeing of older population in Africa. J Educ Community Health. 2023; 10(2):61-70. doi:10.34172/jech.2023.2289
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