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Submitted: 21 May 2023
Revision: 18 Nov 2023
Accepted: 24 Nov 2023
ePublished: 29 Dec 2023
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J Educ Community Health. 2023;10(4): 210-216.
doi: 10.34172/jech.2425

Scopus ID: 85186252106
  Abstract View: 384
  PDF Download: 266

General

Original Article

Well-being and Related Factors of Above 50-Year-Old Population: Based on Ardakan Cohort Study on Aging

Ahmad Delbari 1 ORCID logo, Forough Goudarzi 1, Mohammad Bidkhori 1, Mohammad Saatchi 2, Fatemeh-Sadat Tabatabaei 1, Hassan Rafiey 3, Elham Hooshmand 1* ORCID logo

1 Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Elham Hooshmand, Email: El.hooshmand@uswr.ac.ir, Email: El.hooshmand@uswr.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Well-being is related to various social, psychological, and physical factors. This study investigated these factors and their relationship with the well-being of the elderly.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on the data of Ardakan Cohort Study on Aging (ACSA) in 2020, including 5190 people aged 50 and above. The World Health Organization (WHO)-5 questionnaire was used to measure wellbeing. Using a logistic regression model and adjusting the variables, the relationship between well-being and related factors was measured.

Results: Among the participants, 2586 people (49.8%) were women. Well-being was good in 3014 people (58.2%). According to the findings, the poor well-being of the elderly has an inverse and significant relationship with medium to high economic status (OR=0.63, P˂0.001), physical activity (OR=0.99, P˂0.001), and social support (OR=0.90, P˂0.001). The elderly with high school education (OR=1.43, P=0.005) and extremely bad health status (OR=1.32, P=0.008) had poor well-being. Furthermore, the odds of depression (OR=1.21, P=0.035) and anxiety (OR=1.05, P˂0.001) were higher in the elderly who had poor well-being. The mental and physical quality of life were also higher in the group with good well-being (P<0.05).

Conclusion: To promote the elderly’s well-being, they should be involved in regular physical activity, which should be planned to increase their quality of life (physical and mental) and improve their economic status as well as social support.


Please cite this article as follows: Delbari A, Goudarzi F, Bidkhori M, Saatchi M, Tabatabaei FS, Rafiey H, et al. Well-being and related factors of above 50-year-old population: based on ardakan cohort study on aging. J Educ Community Health. 2023; 10(4):210-216. doi:10.34172/jech.2425
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