Volume 8, Issue 1 (March 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(1): 51-57 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.SSU.SPH.REC.1395.134

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Khazir Z, Morowatisharifabad M A, Enjezab B, Vaezi A, Fallahzadeh H. Effect of Educational Intervention Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on Mammography Performance in Iranian Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial Study. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (1) :51-57
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1200-en.html
1- Tabas School of Nursing, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , zahrakhazir@gmail.com
2- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- “Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care” and “Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery”, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4- “Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery” and “Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care in Family Health”, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
5- “Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health” and “Research Center of Prevention and Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease”, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (961 Views)
Aims: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in Asia, including Iran. Mammography is used for the early detection of breast cancer for about 73% of cases. This study aimed to determine the effect of educational intervention on mammography among women referring to health centers using planned behavior theory.
Materials & Methods: This randomized controlled trial study was conducted on 140 women referring to Health Centers in Khorramabad in 2018 who were randomly selected and divided into two experimental and control groups. Data collection tools consisted of a demographic information questionnaire, knowledge, and researcher-made questionnaire based on the TPB structures. The intervention was held in four 45 minute sessions for four weeks. Both groups completed the questionnaires before and three months after the intervention. The data were analyzed by SPSS 23 software using chi-square, independent t-test, and paired t-test.
Findings: After the educational intervention, Mean±SD constructs of knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and the behavioral intention was 10.97±5.07, 41.24±3.44, 26.54±5.3, 47.36±3.91, and 8.87±2.78, respectively. All the mentioned constructs were statistically significant (p<0.05). Moreover, the rate and percentage of mammography in women in the experimental group (31=44.3%) compared to the control group (3= 4.3%) was significantly different (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The present study's findings confirmed the effectiveness of an educational program based on the TPB in promoting mammography.
Full-Text [PDF 474 kb]   (426 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Cancer Prevention
Received: 2020/08/1 | Accepted: 2020/12/17

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