Volume 8, Issue 3 (September 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(3): 215-221 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: Ir.Medilam.Rec.1395.208
Clinical trials code: IRCT2017072235224N1

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Daneshvar S, Aivazi A A, Naghizadeh M M, Ghazanfari Z. Efficacy of Educational Intervention on Preventive Behavior against Head Lice Infestation in Girl School Students. J Educ Community Health. 2021; 8 (3) :215-221
URL: http://jech.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-1376-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Public Health & Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3- Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
4- Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , Ghazanfari-z@medilam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (230 Views)
Aims: Despite progress in health and medical education, a head lice infestation is a common public health problem, the most prevalent problem in elementary school children. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the educational intervention on adopting preventive behavior against head lice infestation among girl elementary school students.
Materials & Methods: This study was semi-experimental research on elementary school girls in Eyvan, Ilam, Iran, in 2018. Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire and checklist behavior. Two girls' elementary schools were randomly selected from public elementary schools and randomly allocated to the intervention (N=95) and control (N=62) groups. The educational intervention was designed and implemented based on the health belief model in five 30-minutes sessions for the intervention group. One month after the intervention, the students in both groups were evaluated. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 software via T-test, Chi-square, correlation, and regression.
Findings: The results revealed significant differences in scores of knowledge, HBM constructs, and preventive behaviors in the intervention group after the intervention compared to before the intervention (p<0.05). Self-efficacy was a significant predictor for preventive behaviors of head lice (B= 0.547; p<0.001).
Conclusion: The HBM-based health education improves students' HBM variables and preventive behaviors.
Full-Text [PDF 556 kb]   (99 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2020/11/24 | Accepted: 2021/05/4

References
1. Karakus M, Arici A, Toz SO, Ozbel Y. Prevalence of head lice in two socio-economically different schools in the center of Izmir city, Turkey. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2014;38(1):32-6. [PubMed]
2. Moosazadeh M, Afshari M, Keianian H, Nezammahalleh A, Enayati AA. Prevalence of head lice infestation and its associated factors among primary school students in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Onsog Public Health Res Persepct. 2015;6(6):346-56. [PubMed]
3. Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Jaberhashemi SA, Zare M, Sanei-Dehkordi A. Prevalence of head lice infestation and pediculicidal effect of permethrine shampoo in primary school girls in a low-income area in southeast of Iran. BMC Dermatol. 2017;17(1):10. [PubMed]
4. Yingklang M, Sengthong C, Haonon O, Dangtakot R, Pinlaor P, Sota C, et al. Effect of a health education program on reduction of pediculosis in school girls at Amphoe Muang, Khon Kaen province, Thailand. Plos One. 2018;13(6):0198599. [PubMed]
5. Moshki M, Zamani-Alavijeh F, Mojadam M. Efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against head lice infestation in female elementary school students: A randomised controlled trial. Plos One. 2017;12(1):0169361. [PubMed]
6. Panahi R, Ghajari H, Teymouri P, Moradi M, Ghaderi N, Zarei Vero O, et al. The effect of education based on Health Belief Model on preventive behaviors of head lice infestation in sixth grade female students in Marivan city, Iran. RAHVARD SALAMAT. 2019;4(1):48-57. [Persian] [Full text]
7. Lye MS, Tohit NF, Rampal L. Prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat, Selangor. Med J Malaysia. 2017;72(1):12-7. [PubMed]
8. Omidi A, Khodaveisi M, Moghimbeigi A, Mohammadi N, Amini R. Pediculosis capitis and relevant factors in secondary school students of Hamadan, west of Iran. J Res Health Sci. 2013;13(2):176-80. [PubMed]
9. Saghafipour A, Zahraei-Ramazani A, Vatandoost H, Mozaffari E, Rezaei F, KaramiJooshin M. Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Head Louse (pediculus humanus capitis) among primary school girls in Qom province, central Iran. Int J Pediatr. 2018;6(4):7553-62. [Persian] [Full text]
10. Firoozfar F, Moosa-Kazemi SH, Bahrami A, Yusuf MA, Saghafipour A, Armoon Z, et al. Head lice infestation (pediculus humanus capitis) prevalence and its associated factors, among the Kormanj tribes in north Khorasan province. Shiraz Med J. 2018;20(4):80292. [Persian] [Full text]
11. El-Sayed M, Toama MA, Abdelshafy AS, Esawy AM, El-Naggar SA. Prevalence of pediculosis capitis among primary school students at Sharkia governorate by using dermoscopy. Egypt J Dermatol Venerol. 2017;37(2):33-42. [Full text]
12. Gholamnia Shirvani Z, Amin Shokravi F, Ardestani MS. Evaluation of a health education program for head lice infestation in female primary school students in Chabahar city, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2013;16(1):42-5. [Persian] [Full text]
13. Glanz K, Rimer BA, Viswanath K. Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2008. [Full text]
14. Jadgal MS, Sadeghi S, Zareipour M, Karimi T, Tatari M, Habibpour Z, et al. The effect of education intervention on students' knowledge, attitude and practice about pediculosis. RAHAVARD SALAMAT. 2018;3(3):37-45. [Persian] [Full text]
15. Zareban E, AbbaszadeBezi M, Movadi M, Mehrjoofard H, Ghafari H. Evaluation of health education program for reducing head lice infestation among primary school girls. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2006;13(1):25-31. [Persian] [Full text]
16. Sharifat R, Mohamadian H, Cheragi M, Malehi AS. Impact of theory-based educational intervention on explaining preventive pediculosis infestation behavior among primary school students. Electronic Physician. 2017;9(4):4101-7. [PubMed]
17. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Osmani F, Niknami S. Predictors of adoption of smoking preventive behaviors among university students: Application of health belief model. J Educ Community Health. 2017;4(1):35-42. [Persian] [Full text]
18. Nejaei A, Babaiy S, Zareipour M. Factors associated to behavior disposal of garbage in health staff based on health belief mode. J Res Environ Health. 2018;3(4):312-20. [Persian] [Full text]
19. Kessler TA. Increasing mammography and cervical cancer knowledge and screening behaviors with an educational program. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2012;39(1):61-8. [PubMed]
20. Schwarzer R, Antoniuk A, Gholami M. A brief intervention changing oral self‐care, self‐efficacy, and self‐monitoring. Br J Health Psychol. 2015;20(1):56-67. [PubMed]
21. Otsuka K, Taguri M, Dennis CL, Wakutani K, Awano M, Yamaguchi T, et al. Effectiveness of a breastfeeding self-efficacy intervention: Do hospital practices make a difference. Matern Child Health J. 2014;18(1):296-306. [PubMed]
22. Luszczynska A, Hagger MS, Banik A, Horodyska K, Knoll N, Scholz U. Self-efficacy, planning, or a combination of both? A longitudinal experimental study comparing effects of three interventions on adolescents’ body fat. Plos One. 2016;11(7):0159125. [PubMed]
23. Tappeh KH, Chavshin A, Hajipirloo HM, Khashaveh S, Hanifian H, Bozorgomid A, et al. Pediculosis capitis among primary school children and related risk factors in Urmia, the main city of west Azarbaijan, Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2012;6(1):79-85. [Persian] [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | J Educ Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb