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Submitted: 16 Jul 2014
Accepted: 16 Jul 2014
ePublished: 16 Jul 2014
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J Educ Community Health. 2014;1(1): 55-61.
doi: 10.20286/jech-010155
  Abstract View: 426
  PDF Download: 157

Mental Health

Research Article

The Effect of Education to Reduce Depression Rate in Women With a History of Tubal Ligation Surgery

Maryam Etefagh 1, Davood Shojaeizadeh 1* ORCID logo, Kerametollah Nori 2, Roya Sadeghi 1

1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health ,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistic, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: Shojae5@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Mental disorders such as depression are the most common complications after tubal ligation surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of training to reduce depression rate in woman who had undergone tubectomy.

Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 80 women (40 in each of the control and intervention groups) who had undergone tubectomy in Kaboudar-Ahang Health Centers. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28).The educational plan set was performed during four educational sessions face-to-face and in-group for the individuals. The data was gathered before and two months after the training in the two groups. Data was analyzed by Pearson correlation test, independent T-test and ANCOVA using SPSS-18 software.

Results: Educational Program had an impact to reduce depression rate in women in the intervention group, which was statically meaningful (p< 0.05). The mean score of depression was 29.85 before the training and 15.23 after it. Depression was associated with literacy and job status. More educated women had a lower rate of depression and depression in unemployed women was also higher.

Conclusion: Result of the present study demonstrated the importance of education to improve mental health in women with a history of tubectomy.

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