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Submitted: 25 Feb 2018
Accepted: 05 May 2018
ePublished: 30 Sep 2018
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J Educ Community Health. 2018;5(2): 62-71.
doi: 10.21859/jech.5.2.62
  Abstract View: 783
  PDF Download: 344

Addictive Behaviors

Systematic Review Articles

Impact of Using Digital Devices on the Health of Children: A Systematic Review

Saeid Sadeghi 1 ORCID logo, Hamid Reza Pouretemad 2*, Reza Khosrowabadi 2, Jalil Fathabadi 3, Sedigheh Nikbakht 4

1 Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Child Neurology Fellowship, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: pouretemad.h@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and Objective: Nowadays, the use of digital devices such as televisions, DVDs, smartphones, tablets, and computer games is increasing among children. The present study was conducted with the aim of understanding the potential effects of the use of media in children.

Instruments and Methods: In the present systematic review, domestic and International articles investigating the effect of using digital devices on children's health were examined (International articles published from 2007 to 2017). This study was conducted in accordance with the Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata (PRISM) guidelines. After the screening, by attention to the articles outcome variables, results in 3 categories including physical, cognitive, social-emotional-behavioral effects were analyzed and deduced.

Results: The extreme use of media is associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity, changes in food habits and the pattern of sleep, structural changes in the brain, motor and language delays, weaknesses in the vocabulary domain, verbal intelligence and executive functions, emotional, communicative, social, and behavioral problems.

Conclusion: Due to the adverse effects of digital devices on the health of children, the use of digital devices should be limited and parents. Parents should enrich the child's environment with social, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral stimuli by creating a lifestyle that is full of human interaction so that the children will be less inclined towards digital devices, thus preventing the harmful effects of using digital devices.

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